Tibial Nerve Stimulation for Treating Neurogenic Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction: A Systematic Review

Schneider, Marc P; Gross, Tobias; Bachmann, Lucas M; Blok, Bertil F M; Castro-Diaz, David; Del Popolo, Giulio; Groen, Jan; Hamid, Rizwan; Karsenty, Gilles; Pannek, Jürgen; Hoen, Lisette 't; Kessler, Thomas M (2015). Tibial Nerve Stimulation for Treating Neurogenic Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction: A Systematic Review. European urology, 68(5), pp. 859-867. Elsevier 10.1016/j.eururo.2015.07.001

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CONTEXT

Tibial nerve stimulation (TNS) is a promising therapy for non-neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction and might also be a valuable option for patients with an underlying neurological disorder.

OBJECTIVE

We systematically reviewed all available evidence on the efficacy and safety of TNS for treating neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD).

EVIDENCE ACQUISITION

The review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Statement.

EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS

After screening 1943 articles, 16 studies (4 randomized controlled trials [RCTs], 9 prospective cohort studies, 2 retrospective case series, and 1 case report) enrolling 469 patients (283 women and 186 men) were included. Five studies reported on acute TNS and 11 on chronic TNS. In acute and chronic TNS, the mean increase of maximum cystometric capacity ranged from 56 to 132mL and from 49 to 150mL, and the mean increase of bladder volume at first detrusor overactivity ranged from 44 to 92mL and from 93 to 121mL, respectively. In acute and chronic TNS, the mean decrease of maximum detrusor pressure during the storage phase ranged from 5 to 15cm H2O and from 4 to 21cm H2O, respectively. In chronic TNS, the mean decrease in number of voids per 24h, in number of leakages per 24h, and in postvoid residual ranged from 3 to 7, from 1 to 4, and from 15 to 55mL, respectively. No TNS-related adverse events have been reported. Risk of bias and confounding was high in most studies.

CONCLUSIONS

Although preliminary data of RCTs and non-RCTs suggest TNS might be effective and safe for treating NLUTD, the evidence base is poor, derived from small, mostly noncomparative studies with a high risk of bias and confounding. More reliable data from well-designed RCTs are needed to reach definitive conclusions.

PATIENT SUMMARY

Early data suggest tibial nerve stimulation might be effective and safe for treating neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction, but more reliable evidence is required.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Urology

UniBE Contributor:

Gross, Tobias

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0302-2838

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Tobias Gross

Date Deposited:

13 Apr 2016 16:28

Last Modified:

11 Sep 2017 15:45

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.eururo.2015.07.001

PubMed ID:

26194043

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Electric nerve stimulation; Neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction; Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation; Systematic review; Transcutaneous tibial nerve stimulation

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.80101

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/80101

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