Transfer and effects of 1,2,3,5,7-pentachloronaphthalene in an experimental food chain.

Slootweg, Tineke; Segner, Helmut; Mayer, Philipp; Smith, Kilian; Igumnova, Elizaveta; Nikiforov, Vladimir; Dömötörová, Milena; Oehlmann, Jörg; Liebig, Markus (2015). Transfer and effects of 1,2,3,5,7-pentachloronaphthalene in an experimental food chain. Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part C - toxicology and pharmacology, 169, pp. 46-54. Elsevier 10.1016/j.cbpc.2015.01.001

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Polychlorinated naphthalenes are environmentally relevant compounds that are measured in biota at concentrations in the μg/kg lipid range. Despite their widespread occurrence, literature data on the accumulation and effects of these compounds in aquatic ecosystems are sparsely available. The goal of this study was to gain insights into the biomagnification and effects of 1,2,3,5,7-pentachloronaphthalene (PeCN52) in an experimental food chain consisting of benthic worms and juvenile rainbow trout. Worms were contaminated with PeCN52 by passive dosing from polydimethylsiloxane silicone. The contaminated worms were then used to feed the juvenile rainbow trout at 0.12, 0.25 or 0.50 μg/g fish wet weight/day, and the resulting internal whole-body concentrations of the individual fish were linked to biological responses. A possible involvement of the cellular detoxification system was explored by measuring PeCN52-induced expression of the phase I biotransformation enzyme gene cyp1a1 and the ABC transporter gene abcb1a. At the end of the 28-day study, biomagnification factors were similar for all dietary intake levels with values between 0.5 and 0.7 kg lipid(fish)/kg lipid(worm). The average uptake efficiency of 60% indicated that a high amount of PeCN52 was transferred from the worms to the fish. Internal concentrations of up to 175 mg/kg fish lipid in the highest treatment level did not result in effects on survival, behavior, or growth of the juvenile trout, but were associated with the induction of phase I metabolism which was evident from the significant up-regulation of cyp1a1 expression in the liver. In contrast, no changes were seen in abcb1a transcript levels.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Center for Fish and Wildlife Health (FIWI)

UniBE Contributor:

Segner, Helmut

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

1532-0456

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Lucia Gugger-Raaflaub

Date Deposited:

20 Apr 2016 08:43

Last Modified:

20 Apr 2016 08:43

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.cbpc.2015.01.001

PubMed ID:

25601748

Uncontrolled Keywords:

ABCB1; CYP1A1; Dietary exposure; Juvenile growth test; Passive dosing; Polychlorinated naphthalenes; Rainbow trout

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.80193

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/80193

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