The Role of the European Imperial Powers throughout the Armenian Schism in the 1870s

Kartashyan, Mariam (24 February 2015). The Role of the European Imperial Powers throughout the Armenian Schism in the 1870s (Unpublished). In: Transnationale Beziehungen anti-ultramontaner Bewegungen im Osmanischen Reich und in Westeuropa in der zweiten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts. Universität Bern. 22.-24.02.2015.

The Bull "Reversurus" (1867) and its dogmatic legitimization at the First Vatican Council in 1870 caused not only ecclesiastical controversy and Schism in the Armenian Catholic Church, but it had also wide political consequences for the Armenian Catholics in the Ottoman Empire. The conflict originally between the Armenian Catholics and Rome attracted very soon the attention of the European imperial Powers. France, the British Empire, the German Empire, Austria-Hungary and Russia were the main political powers who were involved in the Armenian affair. A full picture of the role of all these powers for the course of the Armenian Schism is missing. Mostly the role of France is foregrounded in the printed sources, as the main power, which supported the papacy to win during the Armenian affair. The role and the motives of the other imperial powers is almost missing. This article will try to describe as completely as possible the historical and political background, which brought to the escalation of the Armenian conflict beyond the national frontiers and led to number of conflicts at the international and transnational level. It will be shown that the imperial policy in Europe in the 19th century have played an enormous role throughout the Armenian Schism. It will be explained that several historical circumstances in Europe, especially the relation of the European imperial powers to each other as well as their expectations from the Ottoman Empire and its Armenian subjects were decisive for the duration and conclusion of the Armenian Schism.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Abstract)


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01 Faculty of Theology > Department of Old Catholic Theology

UniBE Contributor:

Kartashyan, Mariam


200 Religion > 230 Christianity & Christian theology
200 Religion > 280 Christian denominations
900 History
900 History > 940 History of Europe




Mariam Kartashyan

Date Deposited:

31 Mar 2016 14:30

Last Modified:

09 May 2018 16:46

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Additional Information:

Der Beitrag wird für Veröffentlichung bei IKZ (Internationale Kirchliche Zeitschrift) vorbereitet.

Uncontrolled Keywords:

transnational, Armenia, Schism, Old Catholics, anti-ultramontane, imperialism, Ottoman Empire


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