Islamophobia as Reactive Co-Radicalization

Pratt, George Douglas (2015). Islamophobia as Reactive Co-Radicalization. Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, 26(2), pp. 205-218. Routledge 10.1080/09596410.2014.1000025

[img] Text
09596410.2014.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (378kB) | Request a copy

Since 9/11, 2001, a new form of religious extremism has arguably emerged, one which paradoxically portrays itself as a counter to another perceived extremism regarded as a real and imminent threat. Within North America and Western Europe, as elsewhere, there is an upsurge of various forms of reactionary rhetoric and opposition expressed towards Islam and Muslims. An increase in extremist behaviour, even violence, is appearing from quarters opposed to, or varyingly fearful of, Islamic extremism if not Islam or Muslims. Islamophobia, as a manifestation of fear of an exclusionary Islam, manifests as exclusionary or negatively reactive behaviours with Muslims and Islam as the target. This article explores the idea that Islamophobia can be regarded as a manifestation of religious extremism and, further, that such extremism is construable as “reactive co-radicalization.” It focuses on two European cases – the 2009 Swiss ban on the building of minarets and the 2011 Norwegian massacre carried out by Anders Breivik – as examples of this “reactive co-radicalization.” This term, I suggest, is an apt denominator for the exclusionary reaction to the rising presence of Islam within otherwise secular, albeit nominally Christian, Western European and North American societies, among others.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


01 Faculty of Theology > Department of Old Catholic Theology [discontinued]

UniBE Contributor:

Pratt, George Douglas


200 Religion > 280 Christian denominations
200 Religion > 230 Christianity & Christian theology








Angela Berlis

Date Deposited:

26 May 2016 11:24

Last Modified:

27 May 2016 08:16

Publisher DOI:





Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback