Adjustment Disorders Are Uniquely Suited for eHealth Interventions: Concept and Case Study

Maercker, Andreas; Bachem, Rahel C.; Lorenz, Louisa; Moser, Christian Thomas; Berger, Thomas (2015). Adjustment Disorders Are Uniquely Suited for eHealth Interventions: Concept and Case Study. JMIR Mental Health, 2(2), e15. JMIR Publications 10.2196/mental.4157

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Background: Adjustment disorders (also known as mental distress in response to a stressor) are among the most frequently diagnosed mental disorders in psychiatry and clinical psychology worldwide. They are also commonly diagnosed in clients engaging in deliberate self-harm and in those consulting general practitioners. However, their reputation in research-oriented mental health remains weak since they are largely underresearched. This may change when the International Statistical Classification of Diseases-11 (ICD-11) by the World Health Organization is introduced, including a new conceptualization of adjustment disorders as a stress-response disorder with positively defined core symptoms. Objective: This paper provides an overview of evidence-based interventions for adjustment disorders. Methods: We reviewed the new ICD-11 concept of adjustment disorder and discuss the the rationale and case study of an unguided self-help protocol for burglary victims with adjustment disorder, and its possible implementation as an eHealth intervention. Results: Overall, the treatment with the self-help manual reduced symptoms of adjustment disorder, namely preoccupation and failure to adapt, as well as symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress. Conclusions: E-mental health options are considered uniquely suited for offering early intervention after the experiences of stressful life events that potentially trigger adjustment disorders.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Moser, Christian Thomas and Berger, Thomas

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

2368-7959

Publisher:

JMIR Publications

Language:

English

Submitter:

Adriana Biaggi

Date Deposited:

02 May 2016 16:50

Last Modified:

15 Apr 2020 15:25

Publisher DOI:

10.2196/mental.4157

PubMed ID:

26543920

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.80695

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/80695

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