Thyroid disruption in zebrafish (Danio rerio) larvae: Different molecular response patterns lead to impaired eye development and visual functions

Baumann, Lisa Annie; Ros, Albert Frank; Rehberger, Kristina; Neuhauss, Stephan C.F.; Segner, Helmut (2016). Thyroid disruption in zebrafish (Danio rerio) larvae: Different molecular response patterns lead to impaired eye development and visual functions. Aquatic toxicology, 172, pp. 44-55. Elsevier 10.1016/j.aquatox.2015.12.015

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The vertebrate thyroid system is important for multiple developmental processes, including eye development. Thus, its environmentally induced disruption may impact important fitness-related parameters like visual capacities and behaviour. The present study investigated the relation between molecular effects of thyroid disruption and morphological and physiological changes of eye development in zebrafish (Danio rerio). Two test compounds representing different molecular modes of thyroid disruption were used: propylthiouracil (PTU), which is an enzyme-inhibitor of thyroid hormone synthesis, and tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), which interacts with the thyroid hormone receptors. Both chemicals significantly altered transcript levels of thyroid system-related genes (TRα, TRβ, TPO, TSH, DIO1, DIO2 and DIO3) in a compound-specific way. Despite these different molecular response patterns, both treatments resulted in similar pathological alterations of the eyes such as reduced size, RPE cell diameter and pigmentation, which were concentration-dependent. The morphological changes translated into impaired visual performance of the larvae: the optokinetic response was significantly and concentration-dependently decreased in both treatments, together with a significant increase of light preference of PTU-treated larvae. In addition, swimming activity was impacted. This study provides first evidence that different modes of molecular action of the thyroid disruptors can be associated with uniform apical responses. Furthermore, this study is the first to show that pathological eye development, as it can be induced by exposure to thyroid disruptors, indeed translates into impaired visual capacities of zebrafish early life stages.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Center for Fish and Wildlife Health (FIWI)

UniBE Contributor:

Baumann, Lisa Annie; Ros, Albert Frank; Rehberger, Kristina and Segner, Helmut

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0166-445X

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Albert Frank Ros

Date Deposited:

20 Apr 2016 15:40

Last Modified:

20 Apr 2016 15:40

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.aquatox.2015.12.015

PubMed ID:

26765085

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.80742

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/80742

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