Bone conduction responses of middle ear structures in Thiel embalmed heads

Arnold, Andreas Michael; Stieger, Christof; Caversaccio, Marco; Kompis, Martin; Guignard, Jérémie (31 December 2015). Bone conduction responses of middle ear structures in Thiel embalmed heads. AIP conference proceedings, 1703(060013), 060013. American Institute of Physics 10.1063/1.4939368

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Thiel-embalmed human whole-head specimens offer a promising alternative model for bone conduction (BC) studies of middle ear structures. In this work we present the Thiel model’s linearity and stability over time as well as its possible use in the study of a fixed ossicle chain. Using laser Doppler vibrometry (LDV), the motion of the retroauricular skull, the promontory, the stapes footplate and the round window (RW) were measured. A bone-anchored hearing aid stimulated the ears with step sinus tones logarithmically spread between 0.1 and 10 kHz. Linearity of the model was verified using input levels in steps of 10 dBV. The stability of the Thiel model over time was examined with measurements repeated after hours and weeks. The influence of a cement-fixed stapes was assessed. The middle ear elements measured responded linearly in amplitude for the applied input levels (100, 32.6, and 10 mV). The variability of measurements for both short- (2 h) and long-term (4-16 weeks) repetitions in the same ear was lower than the interindividual difference. The fixation of the stapes induced a lowered RW displacement for frequencies near 750 Hz (-4 dB) and an increased displacement for frequencies above 1 kHz (max. +3.7 dB at 4 kHz). LDV assessment of BC-induced middle ear motion in Thiel heads can be performed with stable results. The vibratory RW response is affected by the fixation of the stapes, indicating a measurable effect of ossicle chain inertia on BC response in Thiel embalmed heads.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)


10 Strategic Research Centers > ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research > ARTORG Center - Hearing Research Laboratory
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders (ENT)

UniBE Contributor:

Arnold, Andreas Michael, Stieger, Christof, Caversaccio, Marco, Kompis, Martin, Guignard, Jérémie


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health






American Institute of Physics




Lars Marius Schwalbe

Date Deposited:

08 Apr 2016 12:29

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:55

Publisher DOI:





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