Fraxinus excelsior in Europe: distribution, habitat, usage and threats

Beck, Pieter; Caudullo, Giovanni; Tinner, Willy; de Rigo, Daniele (2016). Fraxinus excelsior in Europe: distribution, habitat, usage and threats. In: San-Miguel-Ayanz, J.; de Rigo, D.; Daudullo, G.; Houston Durrant, T.; Mauri, A. (eds.) European Atlas of Forest Tree Species (pp. 98-99). Luxembourg: Publication Office of the European Union

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Common ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.) is a medium-sized deciduous tree with large compound leaves that develop relatively late in spring. It flowers before leaf-buds burst and trees can carry male, female, or hermaphrodite flowers, or different combinations of the flower types. It grows throughout the European temperate zone, but is absent from the driest Mediterranean areas because it does not tolerate extended summer drought, and from the northern boreal regions, with its seedlings in particular being vulnerable to late spring frost. Soils exert a strong control on common ash distribution locally. The species grows best on fertile soils where soil pH exceeds 5.5. It rarely forms pure stands, more often it is found in small groups in mixed stands. Ash trees produce high quality timber that combines light weight, strength, and flexibility. Before the mass use of steel, it was used for a wide range of purposes, from agricultural implements to construction of boat and car frames. Today

Item Type:

Book Section (Encyclopedia Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Palaeoecology
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Tinner, Willy

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISBN:

978-92-79-52833-0

Publisher:

Publication Office of the European Union

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

06 Apr 2016 09:56

Last Modified:

06 Apr 2016 11:08

Related URLs:

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.80792

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/80792

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