Investigation of robotics-assisted tilt table technology for cardiopulmonary exercise testing in stroke patients

Saengsuwan, Jittima (2016). Investigation of robotics-assisted tilt table technology for cardiopulmonary exercise testing in stroke patients. (Dissertation, University of Bern, Graduate School for Health Sciences)

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Due to the lack of exercise testing devices that can be employed in stroke patients with severe disability, the aim of this PhD research was to investigate the clinical feasibility of using a robotics-assisted tilt table (RATT) as a method for cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and exercise training in stroke patients. For this purpose, the RATT was augmented with force sensors, a visual feedback system and a work rate calculation algorithm. As the RATT had not been used previously for CPET, the first phase of this project focused on a feasibility study in 11 healthy able-bodied subjects. The results demonstrated substantial cardiopulmonary responses, no complications were found, and the method was deemed feasible. The second phase was to analyse validity and test-retest reliability of the primary CPET parameters obtained from the RATT in 18 healthy able-bodied subjects and to compare the outcomes to those obtained from standard exercise testing devices (a cycle ergometer and a treadmill). The results demonstrated that peak oxygen uptake (V'O2peak) and oxygen uptake at the submaximal exercise thresholds on the RATT were ̴20% lower than for the cycle ergometer and ̴30% lower than on the treadmill. A very high correlation was found between the RATT vs the cycle ergometer V'O2peak and the RATT vs the treadmill V'O2peak. Test-retest reliability of CPET parameters obtained from the RATT were similarly high to those for standard exercise testing devices. These findings suggested that the RATT is a valid and reliable device for CPET and that it has potential to be used in severely impaired patients. Thus, the third phase was to investigate using the RATT for CPET and exercise training in 8 severely disabled stroke patients. The method was technically implementable, well tolerated by the patients, and substantial cardiopulmonary responses were observed. Additionally, all patients could exercise at the recommended training intensity for 10 min bouts. Finally, an investigation of test-retest reliability and four-week changes in cardiopulmonary fitness was carried out in 17 stroke patients with various degrees of disability. Good to excellent test-retest reliability and repeatability were found for the main CPET variables. There was no significant difference in most CPET parameters over four weeks. In conclusion, based on the demonstrated validity, reliability and repeatability, the RATT was found to be a feasible and appropriate alternative exercise testing and training device for patients who have limitations for use of standard devices.

Item Type:

Thesis (Dissertation)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Health Sciences (GHS)

UniBE Contributor:

Saengsuwan, Jittima and Nef, Tobias

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

Language:

English

Submitter:

Igor Hammer

Date Deposited:

11 Apr 2016 17:21

Last Modified:

11 Apr 2016 17:21

URN:

urn:nbn:ch:bel-bes-2072

Additional Information:

e-Dissertation (edbe)

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.81018

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/81018

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