Synthesis of Semi-Natural Grassland Vegetation of a Biogeographically Heterogeneous Area: Mesophilous Species-Rich Meadows in Switzerland

Studer-Ehrensberger, Katharina (2000). Synthesis of Semi-Natural Grassland Vegetation of a Biogeographically Heterogeneous Area: Mesophilous Species-Rich Meadows in Switzerland. Folia Geobotanica, 35(3), pp. 289-313. Springer Netherlands 10.1007/BF02803120

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For a hundred years semi-natural species-rich meadow vegetation has been described from various areas of Switzerland. The first description dates from 1892 by Stebler and Schröter. In the present study, relevés of 65 semi-natural mesophilous meadow associations and communities reported by 26 authors, which were collected throughout the century, are summarized. An increasing number of descriptions dating from the 1980s and 1990s is included. A numerical classification of these 65 types resulted in four main groups of meadow-types. When compared with the existing literature of alliances a high correlation is found with the Polygono-Trisetion Br.-Bl. et R. Tx. ex Marshall 1947, the Arrhenatherion W. Koch 1926, the Agrostio-Festucion Puscaru et al. 1956, the Mesobromion Br.-Bl. et Moor 1938 em. Oberdorfer 1957, and with the Chrysopogonetum W. Koch 1943. The Agrostio-Festucion is characteristic for the montane belt in southern Switzerland and was until recently poorly known. This alliance is discussed in detail. Some classifications of meadow types by the original authors had to be rearranged for the present purpose. The present classification coincides well with the one Stebler and Schröter gave in 1892. Today, after a century of intensive changes in land use, their four main types are still valid.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Vegetation Science (discontinued)

UniBE Contributor:

Studer, Katharina

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

1211-9520

Publisher:

Springer Netherlands

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

02 Jun 2016 08:37

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 23:46

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/BF02803120

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.81135

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/81135

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