Limited Correlation between Expansin Gene Expression and Elongation Growth Rate

Caderas, D.; Muster, Matthias; Vogler, Hannes; Mandel, Therese; Rose, Jocelyn K.C.; McQueen-Mason, Simon; Kuhlemeier, Cris (2000). Limited Correlation between Expansin Gene Expression and Elongation Growth Rate. Plant Physiology, 123(4), pp. 1399-1414. American Society of Plant Physiologists 10.1104/pp.123.4.1399

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The aim of this work was to study the role of the cell wall protein expansin in elongation growth. Expansins increase cell wall extensibility in vitro and are thought to be involved in cell elongation. Here, we studied the regulation of two tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum cv Moneymaker) expansin genes,LeExp2 and LeExp18, in rapidly expanding tissues. LeExp2 was strongly expressed in the elongation zone of hypocotyls and in the faster growing stem part during gravitropic stimulation. LeExp18 expression did not correlate with elongation growth. Exogenous application of hormones showed a substantial auxin-stimulation of LeExp2 mRNA in etiolated hypocotyls and a weaker auxin-stimulation ofLeExp18 mRNA in stem tissue. Analysis of transcript accumulation revealed higher levels of LeExp2 andLeExp18 in light-treated, slow-growing tissue than in dark-treated, rapidly elongating tissue. Expansin protein levels and cell wall extension activities were similar in light- and dark-grown hypocotyl extracts. The results show a strong correlation between expansin gene expression and growth rate, but this correlation is not absolute. We conclude that elongation growth is likely to be controlled by expansin acting in concert with other factors that may limit growth under some physiological conditions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Plant Development
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Mandel, Therese and Kuhlemeier, Cris

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0032-0889

Publisher:

American Society of Plant Physiologists

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

02 Jun 2016 09:30

Last Modified:

02 Jun 2016 09:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1104/pp.123.4.1399

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.81144

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/81144

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