Podocyte EphB4 signaling helps recovery from glomerular injury

Wnuk, Monika; Hlushchuk, Ruslan; Janot, Mathilde; Tuffin, Gérald; Martiny-Baron, Georg; Holzer, Philipp; Imbach-Weese, Patricia; Djonov, Valentin; Huynh-Do, Uyen (2012). Podocyte EphB4 signaling helps recovery from glomerular injury. Kidney international, 81(12), pp. 1212-25. New York, N.Y.: Nature Publishing Group 10.1038/ki.2012.17

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Eph receptor tyrosine kinases and their ligands (ephrins) have a pivotal role in the homeostasis of many adult organs and are widely expressed in the kidney. Glomerular diseases beginning with mesangiolysis can recover, with podocytes having a critical role in this healing process. We studied here the role of Eph signaling in glomerular disease recovery following mesangiolytic Thy1.1 nephritis in rats. EphB4 and ephrinBs were expressed in healthy glomerular podocytes and were upregulated during Thy1.1 nephritis, with EphB4 strongly phosphorylated around day 9. Treatment with NPV-BHG712, an inhibitor of EphB4 phosphorylation, did not cause glomerular changes in control animals. Nephritic animals treated with vehicle did not have morphological evidence of podocyte injury or loss; however, application of this inhibitor to nephritic rats induced glomerular microaneurysms, podocyte damage, and loss. Prolonged NPV-BHG712 treatment resulted in increased albuminuria and dysregulated mesangial recovery. Additionally, NPV-BHG712 inhibited capillary repair by intussusceptive angiogenesis (an alternative to sprouting angiogenesis), indicating a previously unrecognized role of podocytes in regulating intussusceptive vessel splitting. Thus, our results identify EphB4 signaling as a pathway allowing podocytes to survive transient capillary collapse during glomerular disease.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Nephrology and Hypertension

UniBE Contributor:

Hlushchuk, Ruslan; Janot, Mathilde; Djonov, Valentin and Huynh-Do, Uyen

ISSN:

0085-2538

Publisher:

Nature Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:23

Last Modified:

06 Dec 2013 13:29

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/ki.2012.17

PubMed ID:

22398409

Web of Science ID:

000304973000008

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/8131 (FactScience: 213616)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback