Dimensional approaches to schizophrenia: A comparison of the Bern Psychopathology scale and the five-factor model of the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale

Lang, Fabian U; Müller-Stierlin, Annabel S; Walther, Sebastian; Stegmayer, Katharina; Becker, Thomas; Jäger, Markus (2016). Dimensional approaches to schizophrenia: A comparison of the Bern Psychopathology scale and the five-factor model of the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. Psychiatry research, 239, pp. 284-290. Elsevier 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.03.032

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The aim was to examine to what extent the dimensions of the BPS map the five factors derived from the PANSS in order to explore the level of agreement of these alternative dimensional approaches in patients with schizophrenia. 149 inpatients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders were recruited. Psychopathological symptoms were assessed with the Bern Psychopathology Scale (BPS) and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS). Linear regression analyses were conducted to explore the association between the factors and the items of the BPS. The robustness of patterns was evaluated. An understandable overlap of both approaches was found for positive and negative symptoms and excitement. The PANSS positive factor was associated with symptoms of the affect domain in terms of both inhibition and disinhibition, the PANSS negative factor with symptoms of all three domains of the BPS as an inhibition and the PANSS excitement factor with an inhibition of the affect domain and a disinhibition of the language and motor domains. The results show that here is only a partial overlap between the system-specific approach of the BPS and the five-factor PANSS model. A longitudinal assessment of psychopathological symptoms would therefore be of interest.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Management

UniBE Contributor:

Walther, Sebastian and Stegmayer, Katharina Deborah Lena

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0165-1781

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sebastian Walther

Date Deposited:

09 Jun 2016 11:04

Last Modified:

15 Oct 2020 07:55

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.psychres.2016.03.032

PubMed ID:

27043275

Uncontrolled Keywords:

BPS; Dimensional approaches; PANSS; Psychopathology; Schizophrenia

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.81320

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/81320

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