Regional surface morphology of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko from Rosetta/OSIRIS images

Elmaarry, Mohamed Ramy; Thomas, Nicolas; Giacomini, L.; Massironi, M.; Pajola, M.; Marschall, Raphael; Gracia Berná, Antonio; Sierks, H.; Barbieri, C.; Lamy, P. L.; Rodrigo, R.; Rickman, H.; Koschny, D.; Keller, H. U.; Agarwal, J.; A'Hearn, M. F.; Auger, A. T.; Barucci, M. A.; Bertaux, J. L.; Bertini, I.; ... (2015). Regional surface morphology of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko from Rosetta/OSIRIS images. Astronomy and astrophysics, 583(A26), A26. EDP Sciences 10.1051/0004-6361/201525723

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Aims. The OSIRIS camera onboard the Rosetta spacecraft has been acquiring images of the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko (67P)'s nucleus at spatial resolutions down to similar to 0.17 m/px ever since Aug. 2014. These images have yielded unprecedented insight into the morphological diversity of the comet's surface. This paper presents an overview of the regional morphology of comet 67P. Methods. We used the images that were acquired at orbits similar to 20-30 km from the center of the comet to distinguish different regions on the surface and introduce the basic regional nomenclature adopted by all papers in this Rosetta special feature that address the comet's morphology and surface processes. We used anaglyphs to detect subtle regional and topographical boundaries and images from close orbit (similar to 10 km from the comet's center) to investigate the fine texture of the surface. Results. Nineteen regions have currently been defined on the nucleus based on morphological and/or structural boundaries, and they can be grouped into distinctive region types. Consolidated, fractured regions are the most common region type. Some of these regions enclose smooth units that appear to settle in gravitational sinks or topographically low areas. Both comet lobes have a significant portion of their surface covered by a dusty coating that appears to be recently placed and shows signs of mobilization by aeolian-like processes. The dusty coatings cover most of the regions on the surface but are notably absent from a couple of irregular large depressions that show sharp contacts with their surroundings and talus-like deposits in their interiors, which suggests that short-term explosive activity may play a significant role in shaping the comet's surface in addition to long-term sublimation loss. Finally, the presence of layered brittle units showing signs of mechanical failure predominantly in one of the comet's lobes can indicate a compositional heterogeneity between the two lobes.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Space Research and Planetary Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > NCCR PlanetS

UniBE Contributor:

Elmaarry, Mohamed Ramy; Thomas, Nicolas; Marschall, Raphael; Gracia Berná, Antonio and Pommerol, Antoine

Subjects:

500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

0004-6361

Publisher:

EDP Sciences

Language:

English

Submitter:

Katharina Weyeneth-Moser

Date Deposited:

15 Jun 2016 14:06

Last Modified:

28 Jun 2016 09:04

Publisher DOI:

10.1051/0004-6361/201525723

Web of Science ID:

000365072200024

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.81654

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/81654

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