Development of the gas chromatograph – mass spectrometer to investigate volatile species in the lunar soil for the Luna-Resurs mission

Hofer, Lukas (2015). Development of the gas chromatograph – mass spectrometer to investigate volatile species in the lunar soil for the Luna-Resurs mission (Unpublished). (Dissertation, University of Bern, Faculty of Natural Sciences)

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Since the analysis of the lunar rocks and soil samples, brought to Earth by the Apollo missions, it is believed that the Moon has a waterless nature and also other volatile species are strongly depleted. Advancement in analysis techniques helped to identify water and other volatile species in lunar volcanic glasses. Additionally, recent lunar space missions detected water and volatile organic compounds in the region of the lunar poles where permanently shadowed craters are existing. All known lunar soil samples available on Earth come from the lunar near side, close to the equator. To verify the most recent measurement results and to enhance the knowledge of the geological history of the Moon it is of high interest to perform in situ measurements on the lunar poles. For this reason the Russian space agency, Roskosmos, developed aprogram for the scientific exploration of the lunar poles. The Gas Analysis Package (GAP) is part of the selected scientific payload aboard the Luna-Resurs Lander. This instrument uses pyrolytic cells and will apply laser spectroscopy, gas chromatography and mass spectrometry to detect and analyze volatile components trapped in the lunar soil. An existing ion optical design of a compact reflectron type time-of-flight mass spectrometer, originally built for the MEAP/P-BACE balloon mission, was chosen as a part of the GAP instrument. The scope of this thesis is the development of the interface between gas chromatography (GC) and this Neutral Gas Mass Spectrometer (NGMS) to perform coupled GC-MS measurements. In the first part of this thesis the interfacing concept was developed and verified by coupling the NGMS prototype to gas chromatography. The second part of this thesis is devoted to the development of the NGMS flight version.

Item Type:

Thesis (Dissertation)


08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Space Research and Planetary Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Hofer, Lukas and Wurz, Peter


500 Science > 530 Physics




Katharina Weyeneth-Moser

Date Deposited:

11 Aug 2016 08:54

Last Modified:

12 Sep 2017 05:50

Additional Information:

Date: 09.11.2015 Type of Work: PhD-Thesis, University of Bern




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