Palladium Isotopic Evidence for Nucleosynthetic and Cosmogenic Isotope Anomalies in IVB Iron Meteorites

Mayer, Bernhard; Wittig, Nadine; Humayun, Munir; Leya, Ingo (2015). Palladium Isotopic Evidence for Nucleosynthetic and Cosmogenic Isotope Anomalies in IVB Iron Meteorites. Astrophysical journal, 809(2), p. 180. Institute of Physics Publishing IOP 10.1088/0004-637x/809/2/180

[img] Text
Astrophysical Journal809180.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (697kB) | Request a copy

The origin of ubiquitous nucleosynthetic isotope anomalies in meteorites may represent spatial and/or temporal heterogeneity in the sources that supplied material to the nascent solar nebula, or enhancement by chemical processing. For elements beyond the Fe peak, deficits in s-process isotopes have been reported in some (e.g., Mo, Ru, W) but not all refractory elements studied (e.g., Os) that, among the iron meteorites, are most pronounced in IVB iron meteorites. Palladium is a non-refractory element in the same mass region as Mo and Ru. In this study, we report the first precise Pd isotopic abundances from IVB irons to test the mechanisms proposed for the origin of isotope anomalies. First, this study determined the existence of a cosmogenic neutron dosimeter from the reaction 103Rh(n, beta-)104Pd in the form of excess 104Pd, correlated with excess 192Pt, in IVB irons. Second, all IVB irons show a deficit of the s-process only isotope 104Pd (\varepsilon 104Pd = -0.48 ± 0.24), an excess of the r-only isotope 110Pd (\varepsilon 110Pd = +0.46 ± 0.12), and no resolvable anomaly in the p-process 102Pd (\varepsilon 102Pd = +1 ± 1). The magnitude of the Pd isotope anomaly is about half that predicted from a uniform depletion of the s-process yields from the correlated isotope anomalies of refractory Mo and Ru. The discrepancy is best understood as the result of nebular processing of the less refractory Pd, implying that all the observed nucleosynthetic anomalies in meteorites are likely to be isotopic relicts. The Mo-Ru-Pd isotope systematics do not support enhanced rates of the 22Ne(alpha,n)25Mg neutron source for the solar system s-process.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Space Research and Planetary Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Leya, Ingo

Subjects:

500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

0004-637X

Publisher:

Institute of Physics Publishing IOP

Language:

English

Submitter:

Katharina Weyeneth-Moser

Date Deposited:

17 May 2016 10:06

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2016 02:16

Publisher DOI:

10.1088/0004-637x/809/2/180

Web of Science ID:

000361655100073

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.81684

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/81684

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback