Is human herpesvirus 8 infection more common in men than in women? Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Begré, Lorin; Rohner, Eliane; Mbulaiteye, Sam M; Egger, Matthias; Bohlius, Julia (2016). Is human herpesvirus 8 infection more common in men than in women? Systematic review and meta-analysis. International journal of cancer, 139(4), pp. 776-783. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1002/ijc.30129

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All forms of Kaposi sarcoma (KS) are more common in men than in women. It is unknown if this is due to a higher prevalence of human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8), the underlying cause of KS, in men compared to women. We did a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the association between HHV-8 seropositivity and gender in the general population. Studies in selected populations like for example, blood donors, hospital patients, and men who have sex with men were excluded. We searched Medline and Embase from January 1994 to February 2015. We included observational studies that recruited participants from the general population and reported HHV-8 seroprevalence for men and women or boys and girls. We used random-effects meta-analysis to pool odds ratios (OR) of the association between HHV-8 and gender. We used meta-regression to identify effect modifiers, including age, geographical region and type of HHV-8 antibody test. We included 22 studies, with 36,175 participants. Men from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) (OR 1.21, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.09-1.34), but not men from elsewhere (OR 0.94, 95% CI 0.83-1.06), were more likely to be HHV-8 seropositive than women (p value for interaction=0.010). There was no difference in HHV-8 seroprevalence between boys and girls from SSA (OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.72-1.13). The type of HHV-8 assay did not affect the overall results. A higher HHV-8 seroprevalence in men than women in SSA may partially explain why men have higher KS risk in this region. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Rohner, Eliane; Egger, Matthias and Bohlius, Julia


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services








Doris Kopp Heim

Date Deposited:

10 May 2016 10:03

Last Modified:

17 Oct 2017 06:42

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Additional Information:

Begré and Rohner contributed equally to this work.

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Human herpesvirus 8; Kaposi sarcoma; gender; meta-analysis; seroprevalence




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