Distribution and variability of deformed wing virus of honeybees (Apis mellifera) in the Middle East and North Africa.

Haddad, Nizar Jamal; Noureddine, Adjlane; Al-Shagour, Banan; Loucif-Ayad, Wahida; El-Niweiri, Mogbel A A; Anaswah, Eman; Hammour, Wafaa Abu; El-Obeid, Dany; Imad, Albaba; Shebl, Mohamed A; Almaleky, Abdulhusien Sehen; Nasher, Abdalah; Walid, Nagara; Bergigui, Mohamed Fouad; Yanez Amayo, Victor Orlando; de Miranda, Joachim R (2015). Distribution and variability of deformed wing virus of honeybees (Apis mellifera) in the Middle East and North Africa. Insect science, 24(1), n/a-n/a. Wiley 10.1111/1744-7917.12277

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Three hundred eleven honeybee samples from twelve countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) (Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Yemen, Palestine and Sudan) were analyzed for the presence of deformed wing virus (DWV). The prevalence of DWV throughout the MENA region was pervasive, but variable. The highest prevalence was found in Lebanon and Syria, with prevalence dropping in Palestine, Jordan and Egypt before increasing slightly moving westwards to Algeria and Morocco Phylogenetic analysis of a 194 nucleotide section of the DWV Lp gene did not identify any significant phylogenetic resolution among the samples, although the sequences did show consistent regional clustering, including an interesting geographic gradient from Morocco through North Africa to Jordan and Syria. The sequences revealed several clear variability hotspots in the deduced amino acid sequence, that furthermore showed some patterns of regional identity. Furthermore, the sequence variants from the Middle East and North Africa appear more numerous and diverse than those from Europe. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Institute of Bee Health

UniBE Contributor:

Yanez Amayo, Victor Orlando


500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture








Victor Orlando Yanez Amayo

Date Deposited:

10 May 2016 16:12

Last Modified:

29 Jan 2017 02:05

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Apis mellifera; Middle East; North Africa; deformed wing virus; prevalence; variability





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