Maternal separation followed by isolation-housing differentially affects prepulse inhibition of the acoustic startle response in C57BL/6 mice

Bailoo, Jeremy Davidson; Varholick, Justin Adam; Garza, Xavier J; Jordan, Richard L; Hintze, Sara (2016). Maternal separation followed by isolation-housing differentially affects prepulse inhibition of the acoustic startle response in C57BL/6 mice. Developmental psychobiology, 58(8), pp. 937-944. Wiley 10.1002/dev.21422

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Exposure to chronic stress is associated with an increased incidence of neuropsychiatric dysfunction. The current study evaluated two competing hypotheses, the cumulative stress and the match/mismatch hypothesis of neuropsychiatric dysfunction, using two paradigms relating to exposure to “stress”: pre-weaning maternal separation and post-weaning isolation-housing. C57BL/6 offspring were reared under four conditions: typical animal facility rearing (AFR, control), early handling (EH, daily 15 min separation from dam), maternal separation (MS, daily 4 hr separation from dam), and maternal and peer separation (MPS, daily 4 hr separation from dam and from littermates). After weaning, mice were either housed socially (2–3/cage) or in isolation (1/cage) and then tested for prepulse inhibition in adulthood. Isolation-housed MPS subjects displayed greater deficits in prepulse inhibition relative to socially-housed MPS subjects while socially-housed AFR subjects displayed greater deficits in prepulse inhibition relative to isolation-housed AFR subjects. The results indicate that these treatment conditions represent a potentially valuable model for evaluating the match/mismatch hypothesis in regards to neuropsychiatric dysfunction.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Public Health Institute > Animal Welfare Division
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Bailoo, Jeremy Davidson; Varholick, Justin Adam and Hintze, Sara

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

1098-2302

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Jeremy Davidson Bailoo

Date Deposited:

11 Jul 2016 14:12

Last Modified:

12 Sep 2017 15:45

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/dev.21422

PubMed ID:

27132477

Uncontrolled Keywords:

early handling; isolation-housing; match/mismatch hypothesis; maternal separation; prepulse inhibition

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.82444

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/82444

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