Effects of stereotypic behaviour and chronic mild stress on judgement bias in laboratory mice

Novak, Janja; Stojanovski, Klement; Melotti, Luca; Reichlin, Thomas Stephan Albin; Palme, Rupert; Würbel, Hanno (2015). Effects of stereotypic behaviour and chronic mild stress on judgement bias in laboratory mice. Applied animal behaviour science, 174, pp. 162-172. Elsevier 10.1016/j.applanim.2015.10.004

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Cognitive processes are influenced by underlying affective states, and tests of cognitive bias have recently been developed to assess the valence of affective states in animals. These tests are based on the fact that individuals in a negative affective state interpret ambiguous stimuli more pessimistically than individuals in a more positive state. Using two strains of mice we explored whether unpredictable chronic mild stress (UCMS) can induce a negative judgement bias and whether variation in the expression of stereotypic behaviour is associated with variation in judgement bias. Sixteen female CD-1 and 16 female C57BL/6 mice were trained on a tactile conditional discrimination test with grade of sandpaper as a cue for differential food rewards. Once they had learned the discrimination, half of the mice were subjected to UCMS for three weeks to induce a negative affective state. Although UCMS induced a reduced preference for the higher value reward in the judgement bias test, it did not affect saccharine preference or hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) activity. However, UCMS affected responses to ambiguous (intermediate) cues in the judgement bias test. While control mice showed a graded response to ambiguous cues, UCMS mice of both strains did not discriminate between ambiguous cues and tended to show shorter latencies to the ambiguous cues and the negative reference cue. UCMS also increased bar-mouthing in CD-1, but not in C57BL/6 mice. Furthermore, mice with higher levels of stereotypic behaviour made more optimistic choices in the judgement bias test. However, no such relationship was found for stereotypic bar-mouthing, highlighting the importance of investigating different types of stereotypic behaviour separately.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Public Health Institute > Animal Welfare Division
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Novak, Janja; Melotti, Luca; Reichlin, Thomas Stephan Albin and Würbel, Hanno

ISSN:

0168-1591

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Jeremy Davidson Bailoo

Date Deposited:

25 May 2016 11:37

Last Modified:

16 Sep 2017 16:53

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.applanim.2015.10.004

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.82541

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/82541

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