Analysis of the Heat-Shock Response Displayed by Two Chaetomium Species Originating from Different Thermal Environments

Oberson, Jacques; Rawyler, André; Brändle, Roland; Canevascini, Giorgio (1999). Analysis of the Heat-Shock Response Displayed by Two Chaetomium Species Originating from Different Thermal Environments. Fungal Genetics and Biology, 26(3), 178 - 189. Academic PresS 10.1006/fgbi.1999.1116

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Three features of the heat shock response, reorganization of protein expression, intracellular accumulation of trehalose, and alteration in unsaturation degree of fatty acids were investigated in the thermophilic fungus Chaetomium thermophile and compared to the response displayed by a closely related mesophilic species, C. brasiliense. Thermophilic heat shock response paralleled the mesophilic response in many respects like (i) the temperature difference observed between normothermia and the upper limit of translational activity, (ii) the transient nature of the heat shock response at the level of protein expression including both the induction of heat shock proteins (HSPs) as well as the repression of housekeeping proteins, (iii) the presence of representatives of high-molecular-weight {HSPs} families, (iv) intracellular accumulation of trehalose, and finally (v) modifications in fatty acid composition. On the other hand, a great variability between the two organisms was observed for the proteins expressed during stress, in particular a protein of the {HSP60} family that was only observed in C. thermophile. This peptide was also present constitutively at normal temperature and may thus fulfil thermophilic functions. It is shown that accumulation of trehalose does not play a part in thermophily but is only a stress response. C. thermophile contains less polyunsaturated fatty acids at normal temperature than C. brasiliense, a fact that can be directly related to thermophily. When subjected to heat stress, both organisms tended to accumulate shorter and less unsaturated fatty acids.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Anoxia / Postanoxia (discontinued)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Brändle, Roland

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

1087-1845

Publisher:

Academic PresS

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

02 Jun 2016 12:02

Last Modified:

14 Nov 2017 15:04

Publisher DOI:

10.1006/fgbi.1999.1116

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Chaetomium thermophile, fungal thermophily, heat shock protein, trehalose, fatty acid composition, 2D-PAGE

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.82777

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/82777

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