Mineral-magnetic record of Late Quaternary climatic changes in a high Alpine lake

Lanci, L; Hirt, A.M; Lowrie, W; Lotter, André F.; Lemcke, G; Sturm, M (1999). Mineral-magnetic record of Late Quaternary climatic changes in a high Alpine lake. Earth and planetary science letters, 170(1-2), 49 - 59. Elsevier 10.1016/S0012-821X(99)00098-9

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The magnetic properties of a sediment core from a high altitude lake in the Swiss Alps were compared with palynological and geochemical data to link climatic and mineral magnetic variations. According to pollen data, the sediments extend from the present to the Younger Dryas, i.e., they cover more than 10,000 years of environmental change in the Alps. The major change in magnetic properties corresponds to the climatic warming of the early Holocene. High-coercivity magnetic minerals that characterize the Late Glacial period almost disappeared during the Holocene and the concentration of ferrimagnetic minerals increased sharply. The contribution of superparamagnetic grains also decreased in the Holocene sediments. Similar variations in {SP} content and coercivity, of smaller magnitude, are found in the Holocene and are interpreted to represent minor climatic variations. Comparison with the historical record of the last 1000 years confirms this interpretation. The magnetic mineralogy, the superparamagnetic contents, and the {IRM} intensity in the coarse-grained, Late Glacial sediments are similar to those measured in the catchment bedrock. This indicates a detrital origin. The different properties and the higher concentration of magnetic minerals in the Holocene sediments are due to authigenic phases. Magnetic properties provide a high resolution record of climatic change. They are sensitive even to small variations that are not recorded in the pollen or {LOI} data. Magnetic parameters show fine-scale variation and constitute a valuable supplement to conventional climatic indicators.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Palaeoecology
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Lotter, André F.

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0012-821X

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

13 Jul 2016 13:03

Last Modified:

30 Jan 2017 15:24

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/S0012-821X(99)00098-9

Uncontrolled Keywords:

environmental analysis, glaciolacustrine sedimentation, magnetization, Holocene, climate, alpine environment

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.82779

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/82779

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