Who Is Influential and Why? The Determinants of Reputational Power

Fischer, Manuel; Sciarini, Pascal (2015). Who Is Influential and Why? The Determinants of Reputational Power. In: Sciarini, Pascal; Fischer, Manuel; Traber, Denise (eds.) Political Decision-Making in Switzerland. The Consensus Model under Pressure. Challenges to Democracy in the 21st Century (pp. 179-198). Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan UK 10.1057/9781137508607_9

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Power is one of the most fundamental concepts in political science, and it is a crucial aspect of decision-making structures. The distribution of power between political actors and coalitions of actors informs us about who is actually able to influence decision-making processes. It is thus no surprise that power is a centerpiece of our assessment of political decision-making in Switzerland. In line with the main argument of this book, Chapter 3 has uncovered important changes in decision-making structures, which resulted in a rebalancing of power between governing parties, interest groups and state executive actors. Conjecturing about the reasons that may account for these changes, we pointed to factors of an organizational and institutional nature. For example, we put forward the decline of pre-parliamentary procedures oriented towards corporatist intermediation as a possible explanation for the weakening of interest groups. More generally, in several chapters it has been suggested that there is a relationship between the institutional design of a decision-making process, the related importance of decision-making phases and an actor's participation in these phases on the one hand, and the power of actors (and coalitions of actors) on the other. In addition, the analyses carried out in Chapters 2 to 5 draw our attention to the differences in power structure across decision-making processes or types of processes.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)

Division/Institute:

03 Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences > Other Institutions > Teaching Staff, Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences
03 Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences > Social Sciences > Institute of Political Science

UniBE Contributor:

Fischer, Manuel and Fischer, Manuel

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 320 Political science

ISBN:

978-1-349-70160-5

Series:

Challenges to Democracy in the 21st Century

Publisher:

Palgrave Macmillan UK

Language:

English

Submitter:

Jeremy Simeon Trottmann

Date Deposited:

18 Jul 2016 12:28

Last Modified:

19 Jul 2016 13:47

Publisher DOI:

10.1057/9781137508607_9

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Democracy, European Politics, European Union Politics, Political Philosophy, Political Sociology, Political Theory

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/82818

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