In pediatric lymphoblastic leukemia of B-cell origin, a small population of primitive blast cells is noncycling, suggesting them to be leukemia stem cell candidates

Hirt, Andreas; Schmid, Anne-Marie; Ammann, Roland A; Leibundgut, Kurt (2011). In pediatric lymphoblastic leukemia of B-cell origin, a small population of primitive blast cells is noncycling, suggesting them to be leukemia stem cell candidates. Pediatric research, 69(3), pp. 194-9. New York, N.Y.: Nature Publishing Group 10.1203/PDR.0b013e3182092716

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Kinetic investigations in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are based on all blast cells and, therefore, reflect the proliferative characteristics of the predominant immunophenotype of leukemic cells. Nothing is known about proliferation of immunologically defined rare subpopulations of leukemic cells. In this study, mononuclear cells from the bone marrow of 15 children with untreated CD19 B-cell precursor ALL were examined for proliferative features according to the immunophenotype. After exclusion of highly proliferating residual normal hematopoietic cells, ∼ 3% of blast cells were CD19 and showed a low percentage of cells in S-phase assessed by the bromodeoxyuridine labeling index (BrdU-LI): median BrdU-LI, 0.19% [interquartile range (IQR), 0.15-0.40%]. In contrast, a median BrdU-LI of 7.2% (IQR, 5.7-8.8%) was found for the major CD19 blast cell compartment. Staining smears of sorted CD19 cells for CD10 or CD34 revealed a small fraction of CD19CD10 or CD19CD34 blast cells. These cells were almost nonproliferating with a median BrdU-LI of <0.1% (IQR, 0-0.2%). This proliferative behavior is suggestive of a stem/progenitor cell function and, in addition, the low proliferative activity might render them more resistant to an antiproliferation-based chemotherapy. However, xenotransplantation experiments will be necessary to demonstrate a possible stem cell function.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Hirt, Andreas; Ammann, Roland and Leibundgut, Kurt

ISSN:

0031-3998

Publisher:

Nature Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:24

Last Modified:

06 Dec 2013 13:29

Publisher DOI:

10.1203/PDR.0b013e3182092716

PubMed ID:

21135757

Web of Science ID:

000287621700003

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/8337 (FactScience: 213858)

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