Exposure to moderate air pollution during late pregnancy and cord blood cytokine secretion in healthy neonates

Latzin, Philipp; Frey, Urs; Armann, Jakob; Kieninger, Elisabeth; Fuchs, Oliver; Röösli, Martin; Schaub, Bianca (2011). Exposure to moderate air pollution during late pregnancy and cord blood cytokine secretion in healthy neonates. PLoS ONE, 6(8), e23130. Lawrence, Kans.: Public Library of Science 10.1371/journal.pone.0023130

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Background/Objectives

Ambient air pollution can alter cytokine concentrations as shown in vitro and following short-term exposure to high air pollution levels in vivo. Exposure to pollution during late pregnancy has been shown to affect fetal lymphocytic immunophenotypes. However, effects of prenatal exposure to moderate levels of air pollutants on cytokine regulation in cord blood of healthy infants are unknown.
Methods

In a birth cohort of 265 healthy term-born neonates, we assessed maternal exposure to particles with an aerodynamic diameter of 10 µm or less (PM10), as well as to indoor air pollution during the last trimester, specifically the last 21, 14, 7, 3 and 1 days of pregnancy. As a proxy for traffic-related air pollution, we determined the distance of mothers' homes to major roads. We measured cytokine and chemokine levels (MCP-1, IL-6, IL-10, IL-1ß, TNF-α and GM-CSF) in cord blood serum using LUMINEX technology. Their association with pollution levels was assessed using regression analysis, adjusted for possible confounders.
Results

Mean (95%-CI) PM10 exposure for the last 7 days of pregnancy was 18.3 (10.3–38.4 µg/m3). PM10 exposure during the last 3 days of pregnancy was significantly associated with reduced IL-10 and during the last 3 months of pregnancy with increased IL-1ß levels in cord blood after adjustment for relevant confounders. Maternal smoking was associated with reduced IL-6 levels. For the other cytokines no association was found.
Conclusions

Our results suggest that even naturally occurring prenatal exposure to moderate amounts of indoor and outdoor air pollution may lead to changes in cord blood cytokine levels in a population based cohort.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

UniBE Contributor:

Latzin, Philipp; Frey, Urs Peter; Kieninger, Elisabeth; Fuchs, Oliver and Röösli, Martin

ISSN:

1932-6203

Publisher:

Public Library of Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Anette van Dorland

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:24

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:07

Publisher DOI:

10.1371/journal.pone.0023130

PubMed ID:

21826232

Web of Science ID:

000293558900058

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.8365

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/8365 (FactScience: 213891)

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