N-acetylcysteine blocks apoptosis induced by N-alpha-tosyl-L-phenylalanine chloromethyl ketone in transformed T-cells

Heussler, Volker; Fernandez, P C; Machado, J; Botteron, C; Dobbelaere, D A (1999). N-acetylcysteine blocks apoptosis induced by N-alpha-tosyl-L-phenylalanine chloromethyl ketone in transformed T-cells. Cell death and differentiation, 6(4), pp. 342-350. Nature Publishing Group 10.1038/sj.cdd.4400501

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The serine protease inhibitor N-alpha-tosyl-L-phenylalanine chloromethyl ketone (TPCK) can interfere with cell-cycle progression and has also been shown either to protect cells from apoptosis or to induce apoptosis. We tested the effect of TPCK on two transformed T-cell lines. Both Jurkat T-cells and Theileria parva-transformed T-cells were shown to be highly sensitive to TPCK-induced growth arrest and apoptosis. Surprisingly, we found that the thiol antioxidant, N-acetylcysteine (NAC), as well as L- or D-cysteine blocked TPCK-induced growth arrest and apoptosis. TPCK inhibited constitutive NF-kappaB activation in T. parva-transformed T-cells, with phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha and IkappaBbeta being inhibited with different kinetics. TPCK-mediated inhibition of IkappaB phosphorylation, NF-kappaB DNA binding and transcriptional activity were also prevented by NAC or cysteine. Our observations indicate that apoptosis and NF-kappaB inhibition induced by TPCK result from modifications of sulphydryl groups on proteins involved in regulating cell survival and the NF-kappaB activation pathway(s).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Cell Biology > Malaria
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Cell Biology

UniBE Contributor:

Heussler, Volker

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

1350-9047

Publisher:

Nature Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Volker Heussler

Date Deposited:

20 Jun 2016 10:37

Last Modified:

20 Jun 2016 10:37

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/sj.cdd.4400501

PubMed ID:

10381628

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.83739

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/83739

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