A new predilection site of Mycoplasma bovis: Postsurgical seromas in beef cattle

Gille, L; Pilo, Paola; Valgaeren, B R; Van Driessche, L; van Loo, H; Bodmer, Michèle; Bürki, Sibylle; Boyen, F; Haesebrouck, F; Deprez, P; Pardon, Bart Jean (2016). A new predilection site of Mycoplasma bovis: Postsurgical seromas in beef cattle. Veterinary microbiology, 186, pp. 67-70. Elsevier 10.1016/j.vetmic.2016.02.011

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Mycoplasma bovis is a highly contagious bacterium, which predominantly causes chronic pneumonia, otitis and arthritis in calves and mastitis in adult cattle. In humans, Mycoplasma species have been associated with post-surgical infections. The present study aimed to identify the bacteria associated with three outbreaks of infected seromas after caesarian section in Belgian Blue beef cattle. A total of 10 cases occurred in three herds which were in close proximity of each other and shared the same veterinary practice. M. bovis could be cultured from seroma fluid in five of the six referred animals, mostly in pure culture and was isolated from multiple chronic sites of infection (arthritis and mastitis) as well. DNA fingerprinting of the isolates targeting two insertion sequence elements suggested spread of M. bovis from chronic sites of infection (udder and joints) to the postsurgical seromas. Identical genetic profiles were demonstrated in two animals from two separate farms, suggesting spread between farms. Mortality rate in the referred animals positive for M. bovis in a seroma was 80% (4/5), despite intensive treatment. A massive increase in antimicrobial use was observed in every affected farm. These observations demonstrate involvement of mycoplasmas in outbreaks of postsurgical seromas in cattle.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > Veterinary Public Health / Herd Health Management
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Clinic for Ruminants
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology

UniBE Contributor:

Pilo, Paola; Bodmer, Michèle; Bürki, Sibylle and Pardon, Bart Jean

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0378-1135

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Daniela Fasel

Date Deposited:

19 Jul 2016 09:58

Last Modified:

09 Nov 2018 08:17

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.vetmic.2016.02.011

PubMed ID:

27016759

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Caesarean section; DNA fingerprinting; Mycoplasma bovis; Seroma

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.83747

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/83747

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