Interferon-gamma and interleukin-4 mRNA expression by peripheral blood mononuclear cells from pregnant and non-pregnant cattle seropositive for bovine viral diarrhea virus

Waldvogel, A S; Hediger-Weithaler, B M; Eicher, R; Zakher, Anthony; Zarlenga, D S; Gasbarre, L C; Heussler, Volker (2000). Interferon-gamma and interleukin-4 mRNA expression by peripheral blood mononuclear cells from pregnant and non-pregnant cattle seropositive for bovine viral diarrhea virus. Veterinary immunology and immunopathology, 77(3-4), pp. 201-212. Elsevier 10.1016/S0165-2427(00)00240-3

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The acceptance of the fetal allograft by pregnant women and mice seems to be associated with a shift from a Th 1 dominated to a Th 2 dominated immune response to certain infectious agents. The goal of this study was to examine cytokine expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from cattle immune to bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) to determine whether pregnancy also has an influence on the type of immune response in this species. Forty-six heifers and cows between 14 months and 13 years of age were included in this study. Twenty-four were seropositive and 22 seronegative for BVDV. Eleven of the seropositive animals and 11 of the seronegative animals were in the eighth month of gestation, the remaining animals were virgin heifers. PBMC from these animals were analyzed for Interferon (IFN)-gamma and Interleukin (IL)-4 mRNA expression by real-time RT-PCR after stimulation with a non-cytopathic strain of BVDV. Additionally, an ELISA was performed to measure IFN-gamma in the supernatants of stimulated cell cultures. In BVDV seropositive animals, IFN-gamma mRNA levels were significantly higher than in BVDV seronegative animals and there was a significant positive correlation between the changes in IFN-gamma and IL-4 mRNA expression. There was, however, no significant difference in IFN-gamma and IL-4 mRNA levels between pregnant and non-pregnant animals. These results are inconsistent with BVDV inducing a Th1 or Th2 biased immune response. Furthermore, a shift in the cytokine pattern during bovine pregnancy was not evident.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Cell Biology
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Cell Biology > Malaria

UniBE Contributor:

Zakher, Anthony and Heussler, Volker

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

0165-2427

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Volker Heussler

Date Deposited:

20 Jun 2016 11:14

Last Modified:

20 Jun 2016 11:14

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/S0165-2427(00)00240-3

PubMed ID:

11137119

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.83756

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/83756

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