Geochemical and Microbiological Studies of Nitrous Oxide Variations within the New NEEM Greenland Ice Core During the Last Glacial Period

Miteva, Vanya; Sowers, Todd; Schüpbach, Simon; Fischer, Hubertus; Brenchley, Jean (2016). Geochemical and Microbiological Studies of Nitrous Oxide Variations within the New NEEM Greenland Ice Core During the Last Glacial Period. Geomicrobiology Journal, 33(8), pp. 1-14. Taylor & Francis 10.1080/01490451.2015.1074321

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Deep polar ice cores provide atmospheric records of nitrous oxide (N₂O) and other trace gases reflecting climate history along with a parallel archive of microbial cells transported with mineral dust, marine and volcanic aerosols from around the globe. Our interdisciplinary study of 32 samples from different depths of the recently drilled NEEM Greenland ice core addressed the question whether the identified microorganisms were capable of post-depositional biological production of N₂O in situ. We used high-resolution geochemical and microbiological approaches to examine the N₂O concentrations, the quantitative distributions of dust, Ca⁺², NH₄⁺ and NO₃⁻ ¡ons related to N cycle pathways, the microbial abundance and diversity at specific NEEM core depths from 1758 m to 1867.8 m. Results showed varying concentrations of N₂O (220 –271.5 ppb). Microbial abundance fluctuated between 3.3 x 10⁴ and 3.3 x 10⁶ cells mL⁻¹ in direct correlation with dust and Ca²⁺ concentrations with higher cell numbers deposited during colder periods. The average values of NH₄⁺ and NO₃⁻ indicated that substrates were available for the microorganisms capable of utilizing them. PCR amplification of selected functional genes involved in bacterial and archaeal nitrification and denitrification was not successful. Sanger and Illumina MiSeq sequence analyses of SSU rRNA genes showed variable representation of Alpha-, Beta- and Gammaproteobacteria, Firmicutes, Actinobacteria, chloroplasts and fungi. The metabolic potential of the dominant genera of Proteobacteria and Firmicutes as possible N₂O producers suggested that denitrification activity may have led to in-situ production and accumulation of N₂O.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Climate and Environmental Physics
10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)

UniBE Contributor:

Schüpbach, Simon and Fischer, Hubertus

Subjects:

500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

0149-0451

Publisher:

Taylor & Francis

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Rätz

Date Deposited:

08 Jul 2016 15:53

Last Modified:

14 Dec 2016 15:35

Publisher DOI:

10.1080/01490451.2015.1074321

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.83820

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/83820

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