The Legal Character of Sino-African Tied Aid: Cunning Fox or Wise Dragon?

Sieber, Charlotte (May 2011). The Legal Character of Sino-African Tied Aid: Cunning Fox or Wise Dragon? (NCCR Trade Working Paper 2011/47). Bern: NCCR Trade Regulation

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Paper presented by Charlotte Sieber-Gasser at the African IEL Network Conference, 5th-6th of May 2011, The Mandela Institute, Johannesburg (South Africa)

Sino-African trade has seen a fifty-fold increase in the years 1999 to 2008. China became the second most important trading partner for the African economy and already overtook the US as the most important trading partner in some African regions. However, all of this trade is taking place independent from legal regulation by a preferential or other trade agreement. Interestingly, Sino-African trade has seen particular increase in countries that have agreed to tied aid arrangements with China. Taking a closer look at these tied aid arrangements (the so-called Angola-Model) reveals, that some aspects might indeed have a positive effect on Sino-African trade in general. Several grey areas might potentially conflict with WTO-law.

However, tied aid is excluded from the GATS, the GATT, and the GPA – in other words, it is outside the sphere of WTO-law. The paper analyses three critical aspects of the Angola-Model version of tied aid with reference to WTO-law, and elaborates the importance of regulating trade-distorting aspects of modern tied aid.

Item Type:

Working Paper


02 Faculty of Law > Department of Economic Law > World Trade Institute
10 Strategic Research Centers > World Trade Institute

02 Faculty of Law > Department of Economic Law > NCCR International Trade Regulation

UniBE Contributor:

Sieber, Charlotte


300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 340 Law


NCCR Trade Working Paper


NCCR Trade Regulation


[4] Swiss National Science Foundation




Pablo Rahul Das

Date Deposited:

16 Aug 2016 16:52

Last Modified:

20 Feb 2020 08:52

Related URLs:

Additional Information:

First draft, not for quotation




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