Spatio-temporal patterns in methane flux and gas transfer velocity at low wind speeds: Implications for upscaling studies on small lakes

Schilder, Johannes Cornelis; Bastviken, D.; van Hardenbroek, Maarten Reinier; Heiri, Oliver (2016). Spatio-temporal patterns in methane flux and gas transfer velocity at low wind speeds: Implications for upscaling studies on small lakes. Journal of geophysical research. Biogeosciences, 121(6), pp. 1456-1467. American Geophysical Union 10.1002/2016JG003346

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Lakes contribute significantly to the global natural emissions of methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide. However, to accurately incorporate them into the continental carbon balance more detailed surveys of lacustrine greenhouse gas emissions are needed, especially in respect to spatiotemporal variability and to how this affects the upscaling of results. We investigated CH4 flux from a small, wind-shielded lake during 10 field trips over a 14 month period. We show that floating chambers may be used to calibrate the relationship between gas transfer velocity (k) and wind speed at 10 m height (U10) to the local system, in order to obtain more accurate estimates of diffusive CH4 flux than by applying general models predicting k based on U10. We confirm earlier studies indicating strong within-lake spatial variation in this relationship and in ebullitive CH4 flux within the lake basin. However, in contrast to the pattern reported in other studies, ebullitive CH4 flux was highest in the central parts of the lake. Our results indicate positive relationships between k and U10 at very low U10 (0–3 m s−1), which disagrees with earlier suggestions that this relationship may be negligible at low U10 values. We estimate annually averaged open water CH4 emission from Lake Gerzensee to be 3.6–5.8 mmol m−2 d−1. Our data suggest that estimates of greenhouse gas emissions from aquatic systems to the atmosphere based on the upscaling of short-term and small-scale measurements can be improved if both spatial and temporal variabilities of emissions are taken into account.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Palaeoecology
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Schilder, Johannes Cornelis; van Hardenbroek, Maarten Reinier and Heiri, Oliver

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

2169-8953

Publisher:

American Geophysical Union

Language:

English

Submitter:

Monika Wälti-Stampfli

Date Deposited:

21 Jul 2016 10:19

Last Modified:

09 Aug 2019 16:39

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/2016JG003346

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.84154

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/84154

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