Relevance and effects of fire disturbance on vegetation in Switzerland during the past millennia

Tinner, Willy; Allgöwer, Britta; Ammann, Brigitta; Conedera, Marco; Gobet, Erika; Lotter, André F.; Stähli, Markus (2005). Relevance and effects of fire disturbance on vegetation in Switzerland during the past millennia. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Forstwesen, 156(9), pp. 325-330. Schweizerischer Forstverein 10.3188/szf.2005.0325

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New palaeoecological investigations (pollen, macrofossil, and charcoal analyses) provide important evidence on the fire history and the long-term fire ecology of different regions of Switzerland. The results from the Swiss plateau, the Northern and Central Alps and Southern Switzerland suggest that fire played a different role for the long-term vegetational development in the different regions. In the Northern Alps and Southern Switzerland anthropogenic fires led to the disappearance of entire forest communities. These fires especially affected the fire-sensitive species Abies alba. On the Swiss Plateau fire frequencies were markedly lower than in the Southern Alps. Nevertheless, fires probably led to a decline in the occurrence of fire-sensitive taxa such as Ulmus, Fraxinus excelsior or Tilia at lower altitudes (Fagus silvatica-Quercus belt). First evidences from the Central Alps suggest that forest fires were naturally more frequent in this continental region and that the vegetation might be better fire-adapted than the original (partly or completely vanished) plant communities of the Swiss Plateau, the Northern Alps and Southern Switzerland.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Palaeoecology
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Tinner, Willy; Ammann, Brigitta; Gobet, Erika and Lotter, André F.

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0036-7818

Publisher:

Schweizerischer Forstverein

Language:

Multilingual

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

13 Jul 2016 13:55

Last Modified:

13 Jul 2016 13:55

Publisher DOI:

10.3188/szf.2005.0325

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.84220

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/84220

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