Time in the eye of the beholder: Gaze position reveals spatial-temporal associations during encoding and memory retrieval of future and past

Martarelli, Corinna S.; Mast, Fred W.; Hartmann, Matthias (2017). Time in the eye of the beholder: Gaze position reveals spatial-temporal associations during encoding and memory retrieval of future and past. Memory and Cognition, 45(1), pp. 40-48. Springer 10.3758/s13421-016-0639-2

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Time is grounded in various ways, and previous studies point to a mental time line with past associated with the left, and future with the right side. In this study, we investigated whether spontaneous eye movements on a blank screen would follow a mental timeline during encoding, free recall, and recognition of past and future items. In all three stages of processing, gaze position was more rightward during future items compared to past items. Moreover, horizontal gaze position during encoding predicted horizontal gaze position during free recall and recognition. We conclude that mental time line and the stored gaze position during encoding assist memory retrieval of past versus future items. Our findings highlight the spatial nature of temporal representations.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Cognitive Psychology, Perception and Methodology

UniBE Contributor:

Martarelli, Corinna; Mast, Fred and Maalouli-Hartmann, Matthias

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

1532-5946

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Corinna Martarelli

Date Deposited:

05 Aug 2016 11:41

Last Modified:

03 Apr 2018 13:37

Publisher DOI:

10.3758/s13421-016-0639-2

PubMed ID:

27443321

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.85008

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/85008

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