Motive-based types of sportsperson in late adulthood

Schmid, Julia; Conzelmann, Achim (14 July 2015). Motive-based types of sportsperson in late adulthood. In: Sport Psychology - Theories and Applications for Performance, Health and Humanity. Bern. 14.-19.07.2015.

Measures for promoting sports and exercise are rarely systematically aimed at sports-related motives and goals, even though they are important for personal well-being and for maintaining this healthy behaviour. Sudeck, Lehnert and Conzelmann (2011) have identified typical patterns of motives and goals in leisure and health sports in intermediate adulthood. These “motive-based types of sportsperson” can be used to segment individuals based on their motives for doing sports, and to adjust promotional measures to fit these. The present paper extends the field of application for such types of sports person to include late adulthood.

The sample comprises 524 adults (Mage = 71.6 years, SDage = 5.7, 57% ♀). It con-sists of participants of sports courses for senior citizens, former employees of the college of education, and participants of the University senior citizens. These people were asked about their sports-related motives and goals using the BMZI-HEA (Schmid et al., 2014). Cluster analyses (Ward’s method) were carried out on the data.

Results and Discussion
Eight motive-based types of sports person in late adulthood were identified, who dis-tinguish themselves in terms of different levels of the motives and goals Body/Appearance, Contact, Positive Exercise Experiences, Cognitive Function and Mood Regulation. These types of sports person offer a means of tailoring sports counselling and sports offers to the motives of people doing sports.

Schmid, J., Molinari, V., Lehnert, K., Sudeck, G. & Conzelmann, A. (2014). BMZI-HEA. Adaption des Berner Motiv- und Zielinventars im Freizeit- und Gesundheitssport auf Menschen im hö-heren Erwachsenenalter. Zeitschrift für Gesundheitspsychologie, 22(3), 104-117.
Sudeck, G., Lehnert, K. & Conzelmann, A. (2011). Motivbasierte Sporttypen. Auf dem Weg zur Personorientierung im zielgruppenspezifischen Freizeit- und Gesundheitssport. Zeitschrift für Sportpsychologie, 18(1), 1-17.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Psychology and Research Methods

UniBE Contributor:

Schmid, Julia Maria, Conzelmann, Achim


700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment


Julia Maria Schmid

Date Deposited:

05 Aug 2016 09:06

Last Modified:

02 Mar 2023 23:27


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