A preliminary study on the effects of a mindfulness intervention on the temporary availability of self-control strength

Stocker, Eva (4 November 2015). A preliminary study on the effects of a mindfulness intervention on the temporary availability of self-control strength (Unpublished). In: Producing and sharing knowledge in the world of sport. Copenhagen. 02.-06.11.2015.

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Mindfulness training is associated with beneficial effects on psychological well-being, cognition, emotion regulation, self-regulation, and other factors. Baumeister’s (2002) strength model of self-control postulates that all acts of self-control are empowered by a metaphorical strength with restricted capacity which can become temporarily depleted after a primary self-control act (ego depletion). Various studies report that ego-depleted individuals complete a cognitive or a physical follow-up task less efficiently than non-ego-depleted individuals (e.g. Baumeister, Heatherton, & Tice, 1994; MacMahon, Schücker, Hagemann, & Strauss, 2014). The aim of the following pre-study is to examine the effects of a short-time mindfulness exercise on depleted self-control strength. The author predicts that participants from a mindfulness condition, contrary to a control condition, can compensate - at least partly - for the ego-depletion effect procured by a strenuous cognitive task. To induce ego-depletion, all participants are asked to transcribe a text as fast as they can while omitting the letters “e” and “n”. A short-time mindfulness exercise will serve as intervention as opposed to a control condition in which participants are listening to a story book. The dependent variable is the performance in the Stroop test which is a task which requires self-control strength. In addition, trait-mindfulness (Comprehensive Inventory of Mindfulness Experience) and dispositional self-control strength (Self-Control Scale) will be controlled for. Heart rate variability, which is considered as indicator of ego-depletion, will serve as a manipulation check. Fifty sport students attending their first semester are to be tested. In a follow-up study, the author intends to investigate the potential beneficial effect of a short-time mindfulness exercise in ego-depleted individuals on physical performance (endurance and strength).

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science II

UniBE Contributor:

Stocker, Eva

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eva Stocker

Date Deposited:

18 Aug 2016 14:04

Last Modified:

16 Sep 2017 14:08

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Mindfulness; ego-depletion; self-control theory; physical performance

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.85345

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/85345

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