Escalation vs. non-escalation of fan violence in football? Narratives from ultra fans, police officers and security employees

Brechbühl, Alain; Schumacher Dimech, Anne Marie; Schmid, Olivier; Seiler, Roland (2016). Escalation vs. non-escalation of fan violence in football? Narratives from ultra fans, police officers and security employees. Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics, 20(7), pp. 861-879. Taylor & Francis 10.1080/17430437.2016.1221932

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Despite a large body of literature about fan violence issues, research investigating perceptions and dynamics in potentially violent situations, called critical incidents (CIs), is missing. This qualitative study examined the perceptions and dynamics of CIs involving ultra football fans. Fifty-nine semi-structured interviews with individuals (fans, police officers or security employees) involved in eight CIs were conducted and analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. The assessment of legitimacy of an out-group’s actions strongly influenced the perception of a CI, which is in line with the Elaborated Social Identity Model. Informative intergroup communication about the own intentions seemed to increase perception of legitimacy, while arrests of fans due to pyrotechnics were perceived by fans as illegitimate. The local fan culture, e.g. the fans’ use of pyrotechnics for their support, is relevant for the understanding of this assessment of legitimacy.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science II

UniBE Contributor:

Brechbühl, Alain; Schumacher Dimech, Anne Marie; Schmid, Olivier and Seiler, Roland

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

ISSN:

1743-0437

Publisher:

Taylor & Francis

Language:

English

Submitter:

Alain Brechbühl

Date Deposited:

19 Aug 2016 14:09

Last Modified:

17 Feb 2018 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1080/17430437.2016.1221932

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.86024

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/86024

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