Implementation of Tuberculosis Intensive Case Finding, Isoniazid Preventive Therapy, and Infection Control ("Three I's") and HIV-Tuberculosis Service Integration in Lower Income Countries.

Charles, M Katherine; Lindegren, Mary Lou; Wester, C William; Blevins, Meridith; Sterling, Timothy R; Dung, Nguyen Thi; Dusingize, Jean Claude; Avit-Edi, Divine; Durier, Nicolas; Castelnuovo, Barbara; Nakigozi, Gertrude; Cortes, Claudia P; Ballif, Marie; Fenner, Lukas (2016). Implementation of Tuberculosis Intensive Case Finding, Isoniazid Preventive Therapy, and Infection Control ("Three I's") and HIV-Tuberculosis Service Integration in Lower Income Countries. PLoS ONE, 11(4), e0153243. Public Library of Science 10.1371/journal.pone.0153243

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SETTING World Health Organization advocates for integration of HIV-tuberculosis (TB) services and recommends intensive case finding (ICF), isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT), and infection control ("Three I's") for TB prevention and control among persons living with HIV. OBJECTIVE To assess the implementation of the "Three I's" of TB-control at HIV treatment sites in lower income countries. DESIGN Survey conducted between March-July, 2012 at 47 sites in 26 countries: 6 (13%) Asia Pacific, 7 (15%), Caribbean, Central and South America, 5 (10%) Central Africa, 8 (17%) East Africa, 14 (30%) Southern Africa, and 7 (15%) West Africa. RESULTS ICF using symptom-based screening was performed at 38% of sites; 45% of sites used symptom-screening plus additional diagnostics. IPT at enrollment or ART initiation was implemented in only 17% of sites, with 9% of sites providing IPT to tuberculin-skin-test positive patients. Infection control measures varied: 62% of sites separated smear-positive patients, and healthcare workers used masks at 57% of sites. Only 12 (26%) sites integrated HIV-TB services. Integration was not associated with implementation of TB prevention measures except for IPT provision at enrollment (42% integrated vs. 9% non-integrated; p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS Implementation of TB screening, IPT provision, and infection control measures was low and variable across regional HIV treatment sites, regardless of integration status.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

UniBE Contributor:

Ballif, Marie and Fenner, Lukas

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

1932-6203

Publisher:

Public Library of Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Kopp Heim

Date Deposited:

18 Aug 2016 15:12

Last Modified:

24 Aug 2016 09:49

Publisher DOI:

10.1371/journal.pone.0153243

PubMed ID:

27073928

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.86119

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/86119

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