Comparative study of the temporal evolution of atmospheric lead deposition in Scotland and eastern Canada using blanket peat bogs.

Weis, Dominik; Shotyk, William; Boyle, Edward A; Kramers, Jan D.; Appleby, Peter G; Cheburkin, Andriy K (2002). Comparative study of the temporal evolution of atmospheric lead deposition in Scotland and eastern Canada using blanket peat bogs. Science of the total environment, 292(1-2), pp. 7-18. Elsevier 10.1016/S0048-9697(02)00025-6

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The temporal evolution of atmospheric lead deposition and its possible sources were assessed in eastern Canada and in western Scotland, using blanket peat bogs as geochemical archives. Short cores were taken from two remote sites located close to the sea. Significant lead enrichments in the upper layers at both sites reflect the increasing emission of lead into the atmosphere due to anthropogenic activities during the last century. At the Scottish site, a region under aeolian influence from Europe, anthropogenic derived lead could be recognized by the distinctive unradiogenic composition (206Pb/207Pb ratios down to approximately 1.115), being clearly different from the pre-industrial values (206Pb/207Pb approximately 1.166). In contrast, the lead pollution in eastern Canada (influenced by North American sources) is identified by a more radiogenic lead isotope composition (206Pb/207Pb ratios up to approximately 1.199) compared to preindustrial values (206Pb/207Pb approximately 1.161). Emission inventories and isotope characteristics suggest that industrial (coal burning, mining) and traffic (leaded gasoline) outputs are the most likely sources during the first and the second half of the 20th century, respectively, in both, western Scotland and eastern Canada alike. The Scottish record is in line with previous studies of past atmospheric lead deposition. However, the Canadian deposit suggests that the wind derived, pre-industrial lead, is less radiogenic as previously implied using sediment archives. These results are thus the first to report pre-industrial lead isotope ratios and concentrations of atmospheric derived aerosols in North America.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Kramers, Jan Dirk

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0048-9697

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Manuela Bamert

Date Deposited:

09 Sep 2016 13:20

Last Modified:

01 Mar 2017 09:35

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/S0048-9697(02)00025-6

PubMed ID:

12108447

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.87985

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/87985

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