Calculating carbon changes in peat soils drained for forestry with four different profile-based methods

Krüger, Jan Paul; Alewell, Christine; Minkkinen, Kari; Szidat, Sönke; Leifeld, Jens (2016). Calculating carbon changes in peat soils drained for forestry with four different profile-based methods. Forest Ecology and Management, 381, pp. 29-36. Elsevier 10.1016/j.foreco.2016.09.006

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Boreal peatlands are an important carbon (C) sink. The effect of drainage for forestry on the soil C balance in those peatlands is a controversial debate. The Lakkasuo peatland, central Finland, comprise a minerotrophic and an ombrotrophic part, both partially drained for forestry. A pair-wise comparison was conducted and four different profile-based methods were applied to calculate the soil C balance. The first two methods used differences in ash content (I) between the upper and lower part of the profile and (II) between the drained and natural site of the peatland, respectively. The third method (III) used radiocarbon dated samples to calculate C accumulation rates at the natural site and compared these to the current C-stocks at the drained sites. The fourth method (IV) used radiocarbon dated samples to define a 1000-year layer in the profiles for comparing the C-stocks above this layer. Stable carbon isotope depth profiles, used for a qualitative assessment of the peatland status, identify both undrained site as undisturbed. All four methods indicate a C loss at the minerotrophic drained site but of different magnitude (0.057–0.272 kg C m-2 yr-1). At the ombrotrophic drained site both radiocarbon methods (III and IV) indicate a C gain (0.139–0.179 kg C m-2 yr-1) whereas methods I and II suggest a C loss (0.084–0.270 kg C m-2 yr-1). Method IV is considered the most stringent and robust one. Yet, the comparison of profile-based methods for C balance assessment suggests them to be applicable depending on sitespecific conditions of nutrient status and presence of a natural reference site.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Departement of Chemistry and Biochemistry
10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)

UniBE Contributor:

Szidat, Sönke

Subjects:

500 Science > 540 Chemistry

ISSN:

0378-1127

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sönke Szidat

Date Deposited:

28 Sep 2016 10:45

Last Modified:

01 Jan 2019 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.foreco.2016.09.006

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.88530

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/88530

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