The importance of non-fossil sources in carbonaceous aerosols in a megacity of central China during the 2013 winter haze episode: A source apportionment constrained by radiocarbon and organic tracers

Liu, Junwen; Li, Jun; Vonwiller, Matthias; Liu, Di; Cheng, Hairong; Shen, Kaijun; Salazar Quintero, Gary Abdiel; Agrios, Konstantinos; Zhang, Yanlin; He, Quanfu; Ding, Xiang; Zhong, Guangcai; Wang, Xinming; Szidat, Sönke; Zhang, Gan (2016). The importance of non-fossil sources in carbonaceous aerosols in a megacity of central China during the 2013 winter haze episode: A source apportionment constrained by radiocarbon and organic tracers. Atmospheric environment, 144, pp. 60-68. Pergamon 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.08.068

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To determine the causes of a severe haze episode in January 2013 in China, a source apportionment of different carbonaceous aerosols (CAs) was conducted in a megacity in central China (Wuhan, Hubei Province) by using the measurements of radiocarbon and molecular organic tracers. Non-fossil sources (e.g., domestic biofuel combustion and biogenic emissions) were found to be responsible for 62% ± 5% and 26% ± 8% of organic carbon (OC) and elemental carbon (EC) components by mass, respectively. Nonfossil sources contributed 57% ± 4% to total CAs in this large-scale haze event, whereas fossil-fuel sources were less dominant (43% ± 4%). The CAs were composed of secondary organic carbon (SOC; 46% ± 10%), primary fossil-fuel carbon (29% ± 4%) and primary biomass-burning carbon (25% ± 10%). Although SOC was formed mainly from non-fossil sources (70% ± 4%), the role of fossil precursors was substantial (30% ± 4%), much higher than at the global scale. Combined measurement of organic tracers and radiocarbon showed that most non-fossil SOC was probably derived from biomass burning during this long-lasting haze episode in central China.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Departement of Chemistry and Biochemistry
10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)

UniBE Contributor:

Vonwiller, Matthias; Salazar Quintero, Gary Abdiel; Agrios, Konstantinos; Zhang, Yanlin and Szidat, Sönke

Subjects:

500 Science > 540 Chemistry

ISSN:

1352-2310

Publisher:

Pergamon

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sönke Szidat

Date Deposited:

28 Sep 2016 10:56

Last Modified:

01 Dec 2018 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.08.068

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.88531

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/88531

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