Doubled lattice Chern–Simons–Yang–Mills theories with discrete gauge group

Caspar, Stephan; Mesterhazy, David; Olesen, Therkel Andreas Zollner; Vlasii, Nadiia Dmytrivna; Wiese, Uwe-Jens (2016). Doubled lattice Chern–Simons–Yang–Mills theories with discrete gauge group. Annals of physics, 374, pp. 255-290. Elsevier 10.1016/j.aop.2016.08.017

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We construct doubled lattice Chern–Simons–Yang–Mills theories with discrete gauge group G in the Hamiltonian formulation. Here, these theories are considered on a square spatial lattice and the fundamental degrees of freedom are defined on pairs of links from the direct lattice and its dual, respectively. This provides a natural lattice construction for topologically-massive gauge theories, which are invariant under parity and time-reversal symmetry. After defining the building blocks of the doubled theories, paying special attention to the realization of gauge transformations on quantum states, we examine the dynamics in the group space of a single cross, which is spanned by a single link and its dual. The dynamics is governed by the single-cross electric Hamiltonian and admits a simple quantum mechanical analogy to the problem of a charged particle moving on a discrete space affected by an abstract electromagnetic potential. Such a particle might accumulate a phase shift equivalent to an Aharonov–Bohm phase, which is manifested in the doubled theory in terms of a nontrivial ground-state degeneracy on a single cross. We discuss several examples of these doubled theories with different gauge groups including the cyclic group Z(k)⊂U(1), the symmetric group S3⊂O(2), the binary dihedral (or quaternion) group View the MathML source, and the finite group Δ(27)⊂SU(3). In each case the spectrum of the single-cross electric Hamiltonian is determined exactly. We examine the nature of the low-lying excited states in the full Hilbert space, and emphasize the role of the center symmetry for the confinement of charges. Whether the investigated doubled models admit a non-Abelian topological state which allows for fault-tolerant quantum computation will be addressed in a future publication.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics (AEC)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Theoretical Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Caspar, Stephan; Mesterhazy, David; Olesen, Therkel Andreas Zollner; Vlasii, Nadiia Dmytrivna and Wiese, Uwe-Jens

Subjects:

500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

0003-4916

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Esther Fiechter

Date Deposited:

30 Sep 2016 08:49

Last Modified:

27 Aug 2018 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.aop.2016.08.017

ArXiv ID:

1607.08825

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.88664

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/88664

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