Pollutant accumulation patterns in nestlings of an avian top predator: biochemical and metabolic effects

Ortiz-Santaliestra, Manuel E.; Resano Mayor, Jaime; Hernández-Matías, Antonio; Rodríguez-Estival, Jaime; Camarero, Pablo R.; Moleón, Marcos; Real, Joan; Mateo, Rafael (2015). Pollutant accumulation patterns in nestlings of an avian top predator: biochemical and metabolic effects. Science of the total environment, 538, pp. 692-702. Elsevier 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.08.053

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The exposure to persistent pollutants such as organochlorine compounds (OCs) or metals has been associated with declines in top predator populations, which can accumulate high amounts of these pollutants from their prey. However, understanding how variation in OC and metal accumulation in wild species affects their biochemical and physiological responses is a big challenge, especially for endangered predators like the Bonelli's eagle (Aquila fasciata). This bird of prey is an interesting study model because the differences in diet composition among populations and territories can account for important pollutant uptake variations. We compared OC and metal accumulation in blood of Bonelli's eagle nestlings from three populations across Spain as a function of origin, age class (nestlings vs. adults), sex and number of siblings per nest, and related accumulation patterns to responses indicative of body condition, biochemistry and antioxidant status. Nestlings from Catalonia, the most industrialized area, showed the highest concentrations of PCBs and arsenic, and the lowest concentrations of zinc. The two former substances, together with DDTs, exerted an overall influence on nestling's physiology. PCBs and arsenic were associated with reduced retinol levels, pointing to oxidative damage in exposed individuals, which was also consistent with the low zinc levels in individuals from the polluted region. Increased plasma DDT levels were related to reduced body condition and lower levels of triglycerides. Mercury accumulation in Castile and Leon was higher in nestlings that were alone in the nest than in nestlings that shared it with a sibling; this suggests an increased mercury uptake from secondary prey in territories where preferred prey (i.e. rabbits) are scarce, which are also the territories where productivity is reduced. Overall, the results reveal a spatial variation in pollutant accumulation patterns and associated physiological effects, and suggest the major role that territory quality may have in such patterns.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Ecology and Evolution (IEE)

UniBE Contributor:

Resano Mayor, Jaime

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)

ISSN:

0048-9697

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Olivier Roth

Date Deposited:

27 Sep 2016 09:58

Last Modified:

22 May 2017 14:51

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.08.053

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.88898

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/88898

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