PACRG, a protein linked to ciliary motility, mediates cellular signaling.

Loucks, Catrina M; Bialas, Nathan J; Dekkers, Martijn; Walker, Denise S; Grundy, Laura J; Li, Chunmei; Inglis, P Nick; Kida, Katarzyna; Schafer, William R; Blacque, Oliver E; Jansen, Gert; Leroux, Michel R (2016). PACRG, a protein linked to ciliary motility, mediates cellular signaling. Molecular biology of the cell, 27(13), pp. 2133-2144. American Society for Cell Biology 10.1091/mbc.E15-07-0490

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Cilia are microtubule-based organelles that project from nearly all mammalian cell types. Motile cilia generate fluid flow, whereas nonmotile (primary) cilia are required for sensory physiology and modulate various signal transduction pathways. Here we investigate the nonmotile ciliary signaling roles of parkin coregulated gene (PACRG), a protein linked to ciliary motility. PACRG is associated with the protofilament ribbon, a structure believed to dictate the regular arrangement of motility-associated ciliary components. Roles for protofilament ribbon-associated proteins in nonmotile cilia and cellular signaling have not been investigated. We show that PACRG localizes to a small subset of nonmotile cilia in Caenorhabditis elegans, suggesting an evolutionary adaptation for mediating specific sensory/signaling functions. We find that it influences a learning behavior known as gustatory plasticity, in which it is functionally coupled to heterotrimeric G-protein signaling. We also demonstrate that PACRG promotes longevity in C. elegans by acting upstream of the lifespan-promoting FOXO transcription factor DAF-16 and likely upstream of insulin/IGF signaling. Our findings establish previously unrecognized sensory/signaling functions for PACRG and point to a role for this protein in promoting longevity. Furthermore, our work suggests additional ciliary motility-signaling connections, since EFHC1 (EF-hand containing 1), a potential PACRG interaction partner similarly associated with the protofilament ribbon and ciliary motility, also positively regulates lifespan.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Dekkers, Martijn

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1939-4586

Publisher:

American Society for Cell Biology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stefanie Hetzenecker

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2016 07:48

Last Modified:

04 Oct 2016 07:48

Publisher DOI:

10.1091/mbc.E15-07-0490

PubMed ID:

27193298

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.89059

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/89059

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