Upregulation of the S1P3 receptor in metastatic breast cancer cells increases migration and invasion by induction of PGE2 and EP2/EP4 activation.

Filipenko, Iuliia; Schwalm, Stephanie; Reali, Luca; Pfeilschifter, Josef; Fabbro, Doriano; Huwiler, Andrea; Zangemeister-Wittke, Uwe (2016). Upregulation of the S1P3 receptor in metastatic breast cancer cells increases migration and invasion by induction of PGE2 and EP2/EP4 activation. Biochimica et biophysica acta (BBA) - molecular and cell biology of lipids, 1861(11), pp. 1840-1851. Elsevier 10.1016/j.bbalip.2016.09.005

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Breast cancer is one of the most common and devastating malignancies among women worldwide. Recent evidence suggests that malignant progression is also driven by processes involving the sphingolipid molecule sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) and its binding to cognate receptor subtypes on the cell surface. To investigate the effect of this interaction on the metastatic phenotype, we used the breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 and the sublines 4175 and 1833 derived from lung and bone metastases in nude mice, respectively. In both metastatic cell lines expression of the S1P3 receptor was strongly upregulated compared to the parental cells and correlated with higher S1P-induced intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)]i), higher cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and microsomal prostaglandin (PG) E2 synthase expression, and consequently with increased PGE2 synthesis. PGE2 synthesis was decreased by antagonists and siRNA against S1P3 and S1P2. Moreover, in parental MDA-MB-231 cells overexpression of S1P3 by cDNA transfection also increased PGE2 synthesis, but only after treatment with the DNA methyltransferase inhibitor 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine, indicating reversible silencing of the COX-2 promoter. Functionally, the metastatic sublines showed enhanced migration and Matrigel invasion in adapted Boyden chamber assays, which further increased by S1P stimulation. This response was abrogated by either S1P3 antagonism, COX-2 inhibition or PGE2 receptor 2 (EP2) and 4 (EP4) antagonism, but not by S1P2 antagonism. Our data demonstrate that in breast cancer cells overexpression of S1P3 and its activation by S1P has pro-inflammatory and pro-metastatic potential by inducing COX-2 expression and PGE2 signaling via EP2 and EP4.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences (GCB)

UniBE Contributor:

Filipenko, Iuliia; Schwalm, Stephanie; Reali, Luca; Fabbro, Doriano; Huwiler, Andrea and Zangemeister-Wittke, Uwe

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1388-1981

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Jana Berger

Date Deposited:

25 Oct 2016 10:26

Last Modified:

20 Sep 2017 23:54

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.bbalip.2016.09.005

PubMed ID:

27616330

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Breast cancer metastasis; Cyclooxygenase; Prostaglandin E(2); Prostaglandin E(2) receptor; Sphingosine 1-phosphate; Sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor 3

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.89307

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/89307

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