Psychological issues in football officiating: An interview study with top-level referees

Schnyder, Urs; Hossner, Ernst-Joachim (2016). Psychological issues in football officiating: An interview study with top-level referees. Current Issues in Sport Science, 1, pp. 1-14. Innsbruck University Press 10.15203/CISS_2016.004

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The present study aims on the identification of problems in the practice of top-level football refereeing. For this purpose, semi-structured interviews were conducted to collect data from 23 European elite referees. Through inductive content analysis, seven higher-order themes emerged: (1) descriptive, (2) characteristics of a good elite referee, (3) difficulties in decision-making, (4) pre-match preparation, (5) communication through headset, (6) decision-making, and (7) decision-making training. On the one hand, the findings underline the practical relevance of existing scientific research; on the other hand, the relevance of some areas of research, for instance, on the role of biases, is questioned by the interviewees’ statements. A particular need for further research could be revealed regarding the development, optimisation, or evaluation of (1) the pre-match preparation, (2) supporting technical devices, (3) innovative training tools for decision-making, (4) the within-team communication, and (5) complementary methods such as mental practice.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science IV

UniBE Contributor:

Schnyder, Urs and Hossner, Ernst-Joachim

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

ISSN:

2414-6641

Publisher:

Innsbruck University Press

Funders:

[UNSPECIFIED] Swiss Football Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Urs Schnyder

Date Deposited:

25 Oct 2016 12:56

Last Modified:

21 Nov 2018 09:21

Publisher DOI:

10.15203/CISS_2016.004

Uncontrolled Keywords:

association football – expert performance – psychological characteristics – refereeing - team communication – visual perception

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.89371

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/89371

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