Diverging Progression of Network Disruption and Atrophy in Alzheimer’s Disease and Semantic Dementia

Andreotti, Jennifer; Dierks, Thomas; Wahlund, Lars-Olof; Grieder, Matthias (2016). Diverging Progression of Network Disruption and Atrophy in Alzheimer’s Disease and Semantic Dementia. Journal of Alzheimer's disease, 55(3), pp. 981-993. IOS Press 10.3233/JAD-160571

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The progression of cognitive deficits in Alzheimer’s disease and semantic dementia is accompanied by grey matter atrophy and white matter deterioration. The impact of neuronal loss on the structural network connectivity in these dementia subtypes is, however, not well understood. In order to gain a more refined knowledge of the topological organization of white matter alterations in dementia, we used a network-based approach to analyze the brain’s structural connectivity network. Diffusion-weighted and anatomical MRI images of groups with eighteen Alzheimer’s disease and six semantic dementia patients, as well as twenty-one healthy controls were recorded to reconstruct individual connectivity networks. Additionally, voxel-based morphometry, using grey and white matter volume, served to relate atrophy to altered structural connectivity. The analyses showed that Alzheimer’s disease is characterized by decreased connectivity strength in various cortical regions. An overlap with grey matter loss was found only in the inferior frontal and superior temporal areas. In semantic dementia, significantly reduced network strength was found in the temporal lobes, which converged with grey and white matter atrophy. Therefore, this study demonstrated that the structural disconnection in early Alzheimer’s disease goes beyond grey matter atrophy and is independent of white matter volume loss, an observation that was not found in semantic dementia.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Translational Research Center

UniBE Contributor:

Andreotti, Jennifer; Dierks, Thomas and Grieder, Matthias

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1387-2877

Publisher:

IOS Press

Funders:

[UNSPECIFIED] Synapsis Foundation
[UNSPECIFIED] Alzheimerfonden

Language:

English

Submitter:

Matthias Grieder

Date Deposited:

27 Oct 2016 11:19

Last Modified:

14 Dec 2016 07:45

Publisher DOI:

10.3233/JAD-160571

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Alzheimer’s disease, atrophy, diffusion magnetic resonance, frontotemporal dementia, structural connectivity

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.89460

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/89460

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