VARC endpoint definition compliance rates in contemporary transcatheter aortic valve implantation studies.

Erlebach, Magdalena; Head, Stuart J; Mylotte, Darren; Leon, Martin B; Serruys, Patrick W; Kappetein, A Pieter; Martucci, Giuseppe; Genereux, Philippe; Windecker, Stephan; Lange, Rüdiger; Piazza, Nicolo (2016). VARC endpoint definition compliance rates in contemporary transcatheter aortic valve implantation studies. EuroIntervention, 12(3), pp. 375-380. Europa Digital & Publishing 10.4244/EIJV12I3A60

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AIMS The Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC) endpoint definitions were established to standardise the reporting of clinical outcomes following transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). It remains unclear, however, to what extent and in which manner these definitions are applied. Therefore, we sought to investigate the utilisation and adherence to VARC guidelines since their introduction in 2011 across peerreviewed TAVI-related publications. METHODS AND RESULTS We performed a systematic literature review to identify TAVI-related manuscripts published between February 2011 and February 2014. Manuscripts were categorised into three groups: a "compliant" group of manuscripts using only VARC-defined endpoints, a "non-compliant" group of manu scripts with only non-VARC-defined endpoints, and a "mixed compliant" group of manuscripts with both VARC- and non-VARC-defined endpoints. Multivariate analyses were performed to identify predictors of VARC use. Among 5,023 published manuscripts, 498 were included in the final analysis. At least one VARC definition was used in 275 (54%), while 223 (43%) did not use any VARC definitions. After publication of the first VARC manuscript (VARC-1, January 2011), VARC use increased from 31% (n=15) at six months to 69% (n=84) at 36 months. Following the publication of VARC-2 (October 2012), VARC-1 use declined (from 58% [n=47] to 36% [n=24]), while VARC-2 use increased from 4% (n=3) at six months to 35% (n=23) at 18 months. Of the manuscripts using VARC, 49 (10%) were classified as compliant and 226 (46%) as mixed compliant. The following endpoints were more often defined using VARC vs. non-VARC: myocardial infarction (64% vs. 36%); stroke (56% vs. 44%); bleeding (79% vs. 21%); vascular complications (70% vs. 30%); acute kidney injury (63% vs. 37%); reintervention (67% vs. 33%); and composite endpoints (52% vs. 48%). Mortality, valve dysfunction, TAVI-related complications, and quality of life were more often defined using non-VARC criteria. CONCLUSIONS Implementation of VARC criteria in peer-reviewed manuscripts has increased over time. There remain, however, a considerable number (43%) of publications that do not report outcomes according to VARC. These data will inform the future development of VARC criteria.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Windecker, Stephan


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Europa Digital & Publishing




Judith Liniger

Date Deposited:

28 Dec 2016 15:19

Last Modified:

28 Dec 2016 15:19

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:



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