New Market-Based Mechanisms Post-2012: Institutional Options and Governance Challenges When Establishing a Sectoral Crediting Mechanism

de Sépibus, Joëlle; Tuerk, Andreas (2011). New Market-Based Mechanisms Post-2012: Institutional Options and Governance Challenges When Establishing a Sectoral Crediting Mechanism (Unpublished) (NCCR Climate Research Paper 2011/06). Bern, Switzerland: NCCR Climate, Swiss Climate Research, World Trade Institute, University of Bern

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The Cancun Agreements in December 2010 have set the basis for the continuing availability of market mechanisms to assist developed countries in meeting their mitigation commitments in a post-2010 climate regime. They provide that the introduction of new Market Based Mechanisms ("NMMs") will be examined at the next COP in Durban. NMMs refer, in particular, to sector based crediting. There is not yet sufficient consensus on how new market mechanisms could be governed and which role the United Nations ("UN") should play. While some countries including Japan and Australia favour more decentralized governance models with only minimum criteria defined by the UN and a strong role for bilateral cooperation, the EU still has a preference for more centralized UN based governance. This paper gives an overview of current country positions, discusses pro and cons of different accounting and governance frameworks for NNMs, and examines inasmuch the Clean Development Mechanism ("CDM") provides a suitable model for centrally governed sectoral crediting mechanisms. It concludes that even if decentralized approaches also have their strengths compared to centralized governance models, minimum requirements need to be agreed upon under the UN to guarantee the environmental integrity of the mechanism.

Item Type:

Working Paper

Division/Institute:

02 Faculty of Law > Department of Economic Law > Institute of European and International Economic Law
02 Faculty of Law > Department of Economic Law > NCCR International Trade Regulation

UniBE Contributor:

de Sépibus, Joëlle

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 320 Political science
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 340 Law

Series:

NCCR Climate Research Paper

Publisher:

NCCR Climate, Swiss Climate Research, World Trade Institute, University of Bern

Language:

English

Submitter:

Rebecca Anne Gilgen

Date Deposited:

29 Nov 2016 12:16

Last Modified:

31 May 2017 12:26

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.90364

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/90364

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