Body mass index (BMI) but not body weight is associated with changes in the metabolism of risperidone; A pharmacokinetics-based hypothesis

Paulzen, Michael; Haen, Ekkehard; Stegmann, Benedikt; Hiemke, Christoph; Gründer, Gerhard; Lammertz, Sarah; Schoretsanitis, Georgios (2016). Body mass index (BMI) but not body weight is associated with changes in the metabolism of risperidone; A pharmacokinetics-based hypothesis. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 73, pp. 9-15. Elsevier 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2016.07.009

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Objective We sought to unravel the influence of body weight and body mass index (BMI), both consistently reported as pharmacokinetic relevant parameters, on metabolism of risperidone in a naturalistic sample. Methods Conducting non parametrical tests we sought for correlations between plasma concentrations of RIS, 9-OH-RIS and AM and body weight and BMI in patients out of a therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) database. Further, we stratified patients to three groups based upon BMI values and compared drug concentrations between groups. Results Although body weight failed to correlate with pharmacokinetic parameters, BMI was positively correlated with plasma concentrations of the active metabolite (9-OH-RIS) (rs = 0.121, p = 0.002) and active moiety (sum of RIS + 9-OH-RIS) (rs = 0.128, p = 0.001) as well as dose adjusted plasma concentrations of the active moiety (rs = 0.08, p = 0.04). The comparison of pharmacokinetic parameters between different BMI groups yielded lower plasma concentrations of 9-OH-RIS in patients with low BMI (<20 kg/m2) and higher plasma concentrations of the active moiety in obese patients (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) when compared with the control group (30 > BMI ≥ 20 kg/m2). By comparing low vs. high BMI patients, the latter group showed higher 9-OH-RIS plasma concentrations. Conclusions and limitations Considerable alterations in metabolism of risperidone were detected when comparing obese and cachectic patients with the control group in alignment with the positive correlation between BMI values and plasma concentrations of the active metabolite and active moiety as well as dose adjusted plasma concentrations of the active moiety. We suggest changes in CYP2D6 or CYP3A4 activity or differences in P-glycoprotein function in obese patients with greater BMI as a plausible mechanism underlying these alterations.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Translational Research Center

UniBE Contributor:

Schoretsanitis, Georgios

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0306-4530

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Georgios Schoretsanitis

Date Deposited:

15 Feb 2017 13:27

Last Modified:

15 Feb 2017 13:27

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.psyneuen.2016.07.009

PubMed ID:

27448523

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.91633

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/91633

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