Catalase Activity and Post-anoxic Injury in Monocotyledonous Species

Monk, Lorna S; Brändle, Roland; Crawford, RMM (1987). Catalase Activity and Post-anoxic Injury in Monocotyledonous Species. Journal of Experimental Botany, 38(2), pp. 233-246. Oxford University Press 10.1093/jxb/38.2.233

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Three anoxia-intolerant species, Glyceria maxima, Juncus effusus and Iris germanica (var. Quechei), and three anoxia-tolerant species Schoenoplectus lacustris, Acorus calamus and Iris pseudacorus were chosen for investigation. Rhizomes of anoxia-intolerant species show increased catalase activities when returned to air after periods of prolonged anoxia. Levels of catalase remained fairly constant in anoxia-tolerant species under the same conditions. In the anoxia intolerant G. maxima, the post-anoxic increase in catalase activity was reduced by circulating the anaerobic atmosphere. This treatment also reduced the ethanol content of the tissue under incubation, and increased the survival of the rhizomes as seen in their ability to resume growth in the post-anoxic phase. Exposure of anaerobic G. maxima rhizomes to ethanol vapour increased post-anoxic levels of catalase activity and when this produced a 5-fold increase always resulted in death of the rhizomes. Acetaldehyde vapour applied in the same way gave rise to increases in catalase activity followed by rapid death of the rhizomes. It is suggested that post-anoxic oxidation of anaerobically accumulated ethanol may result in a surge of acetaldehyde production, which could exert a toxic effect on the recovering tissues. The possible role of catalase in an ethanol-oxidation reaction, which is well documented in animals, is discussed in the light of the association between the natural accumulation of large concentrations of ethanol and subsequent post-anoxic death in some plant tissues.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Anoxia / Postanoxia (discontinued)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Brändle, Roland

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0022-0957

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

06 Jun 2017 14:50

Last Modified:

27 Oct 2019 01:12

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/jxb/38.2.233

Uncontrolled Keywords:

catalase, post-anoxia, ethanol

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.91795

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/91795

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